We introduce a technique to obtain localization of Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices via boundary dissipations. Stationary and traveling localized states are generated by removing atoms at the optical lattice ends. Clear regimes of stretched-exponential decay for the number of atoms trapped in the lattice are identified. The phenomenon is universal and can also be observed in arrays of optical waveguides with mirrors at the system boundaries.
- nonlinear lattices
- trapping equation