Secular trends in established and novel cardiovascular risk factors in Welsh 12-13 year olds: A comparison between 2002 and 2007

N. E. Thomas, M. Jasper, D. R. R. Williams, D. A. Rowe, R. M. Malina, B. Davies, S. R. Siegel, J. S. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines CVD risk factors trends in Welsh adolescents between 2002 and 2007. CVD risk factor data was examined from two cross-sectional studies. The first study (73 participants; aged 12.9 ± 0.3 years) was completed in 2002. The second study (90 participants; aged 12.9 ± 0.4 years) was conducted in 2007. Measurements included body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, fibrinogen (Fg) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). In boys, mean BMI and WC were lower in 2007, although not significantly (p ≥ 0.05). In 2007, there were improvements in mean lipid, Fg and hs-CRP concentrations in both sexes (p < 0.05). In 2002, 42.8% of boys and 34.2% of girls were overweight or obese; in 2007, this was 23.7% and 28.9% for boys and girls, respectively. More adolescents in 2002 exceeded the recommended levels for lipids, Fg and hs-CRP. This is the only study to examine CVD risk factor trends in Welsh adolescents. Although overweight continues to be widespread in 12-13 year olds, this study did not identify significant mean changes in overweight and obesity between 2002 and 2007. Overall, the data presented a positive trend in lipid profile and inflammatory factors.


LanguageEnglish
Pages22-27
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Human Biology
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

C-Reactive Protein
Fibrinogen
Waist Circumference
Lipids
Body Mass Index
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Cholesterol
low density lipoprotein triglyceride

Keywords

  • cholesterol
  • weight
  • health
  • physical activity
  • inflammatory factors
  • secular trends
  • disease
  • CVD risk factors
  • obesity
  • serum-lipid levels
  • adolescents

Cite this

Thomas, N. E. ; Jasper, M. ; Williams, D. R. R. ; Rowe, D. A. ; Malina, R. M. ; Davies, B. ; Siegel, S. R. ; Baker, J. S. / Secular trends in established and novel cardiovascular risk factors in Welsh 12-13 year olds: A comparison between 2002 and 2007. In: Annals of Human Biology. 2011 ; Vol. 38. pp. 22-27.
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Secular trends in established and novel cardiovascular risk factors in Welsh 12-13 year olds: A comparison between 2002 and 2007. / Thomas, N. E.; Jasper, M.; Williams, D. R. R.; Rowe, D. A.; Malina, R. M.; Davies, B.; Siegel, S. R.; Baker, J. S.

In: Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 38, 2011, p. 22-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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