Seasonal and interannual oxygen variability on the Washington and Oregon continental shelves

S. A. Siedlecki, N. S. Banas, K. A. Davis, S. Giddings, B. M. Hickey, P. MacCready, T. Connolly, S. Geier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The coastal waters of the northern portion of the California Current System experience a seasonal decline in oxygen concentrations and hypoxia over the summer upwelling season that results in negative impacts on habitat for many organisms. Using a regional model extending from 43°N to 50°N, with an oxygen component developed in this study, drivers of seasonal and regional oxygen variability are identified. The model includes two pools of detritus, which was an essential addition in order to achieve good agreement with the observations. The model was validated using an extensive array of hydrographic and moored observations. The model captures the observed seasonal decline as well as spatial trends in bottom oxygen. Spatially, three regions of high respiration are identified as locations where hypoxia develops each modeled year. Two of the regions are previously identified recirculation regions. The third region is off of the Washington coast. Sediment oxygen demand causes the region on the Washington coast to be susceptible to hypoxia and is correlated to the broad area of shallow shelf (<60 m) in the region. Respiration and circulation-driven divergence contribute similar (60, 40%, respectively) amounts to the integrated oxygen budget on the Washington coast while respiration dominates the Oregon coast. Divergence, or circulation, contributes to the oxygen dynamics on the shelf in two ways: first, through the generation of retention features, and second, by determining variability.

LanguageEnglish
Pages608-633
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Volume120
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

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continental shelves
continental shelf
Oxygen
oxygen
Coastal zones
coasts
hypoxia
respiration
coast
shelves
divergence
coastal water
habitats
upwelling water
organisms
Sediments
budgets
detritus
summer
upwelling

Keywords

  • hypoxia
  • oxygen
  • respiration
  • upwelling

Cite this

Siedlecki, S. A. ; Banas, N. S. ; Davis, K. A. ; Giddings, S. ; Hickey, B. M. ; MacCready, P. ; Connolly, T. ; Geier, S. / Seasonal and interannual oxygen variability on the Washington and Oregon continental shelves. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 2014 ; Vol. 120, No. 2. pp. 608-633.
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Siedlecki, SA, Banas, NS, Davis, KA, Giddings, S, Hickey, BM, MacCready, P, Connolly, T & Geier, S 2014, 'Seasonal and interannual oxygen variability on the Washington and Oregon continental shelves' Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 120, no. 2, pp. 608-633. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010254

Seasonal and interannual oxygen variability on the Washington and Oregon continental shelves. / Siedlecki, S. A.; Banas, N. S.; Davis, K. A.; Giddings, S.; Hickey, B. M.; MacCready, P.; Connolly, T.; Geier, S.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 120, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 608-633.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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