Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory

A. Albert, ANTARES Collaboration, IceCube Collaboration, The Pierre Auger Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo observatories recently discovered gravitational waves from a binary neutron star inspiral. A short gamma-ray burst (GRB) that followed the merger of this binary was also recorded by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (Fermi-GBM), and the Anti-Coincidence Shield for the Spectrometer for the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), indicating particle acceleration by the source. The precise location of the event was determined by optical detections of emission following the merger. We searched for high-energy neutrinos from the merger in the GeV–EeV energy range using the Antares, IceCube, and Pierre Auger Observatories. No neutrinos directionally coincident with the source were detected within ±500 s around the merger time. Additionally, no MeV neutrino burst signal was detected coincident with the merger. We further carried out an extended search in the direction of the source for high-energy neutrinos within the 14 day period following the merger, but found no evidence of emission. We used these results to probe dissipation mechanisms in relativistic outflows driven by the binary neutron star merger. The non-detection is consistent with model predictions of short GRBs observed at a large off-axis angle.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume850
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2017

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binary stars
merger
neutron stars
observatories
neutrinos
observatory
gamma ray bursts
energy
laboratory astrophysics
LIGO (observatory)
particle acceleration
gravitational waves
monitors
bursts
dissipation
gamma rays
spectrometers
astrophysics
probes
predictions

Keywords

  • LIGO
  • gamma-ray burst
  • gravitational waves
  • neutron stars
  • GW170817
  • neutrinos

Cite this

Albert, A., ANTARES Collaboration, IceCube Collaboration, The Pierre Auger Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, & Virgo Collaboration (2017). Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 850(2), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa9aed
Albert, A. ; ANTARES Collaboration ; IceCube Collaboration ; The Pierre Auger Collaboration ; LIGO Scientific Collaboration ; Virgo Collaboration. / Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 850, No. 2. pp. 1-18.
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abstract = "The Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo observatories recently discovered gravitational waves from a binary neutron star inspiral. A short gamma-ray burst (GRB) that followed the merger of this binary was also recorded by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (Fermi-GBM), and the Anti-Coincidence Shield for the Spectrometer for the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), indicating particle acceleration by the source. The precise location of the event was determined by optical detections of emission following the merger. We searched for high-energy neutrinos from the merger in the GeV–EeV energy range using the Antares, IceCube, and Pierre Auger Observatories. No neutrinos directionally coincident with the source were detected within ±500 s around the merger time. Additionally, no MeV neutrino burst signal was detected coincident with the merger. We further carried out an extended search in the direction of the source for high-energy neutrinos within the 14 day period following the merger, but found no evidence of emission. We used these results to probe dissipation mechanisms in relativistic outflows driven by the binary neutron star merger. The non-detection is consistent with model predictions of short GRBs observed at a large off-axis angle.",
keywords = "LIGO, gamma-ray burst, gravitational waves, neutron stars, GW170817, neutrinos",
author = "A. Albert and R. Birney and S. Jawahar and Lockerbie, {N. A.} and S. Reid and Tokmakov, {K. V.} and {ANTARES Collaboration} and {IceCube Collaboration} and {The Pierre Auger Collaboration} and {LIGO Scientific Collaboration} and {Virgo Collaboration}",
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Albert, A, ANTARES Collaboration, IceCube Collaboration, The Pierre Auger Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration 2017, 'Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 850, no. 2, pp. 1-18. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa9aed

Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory. / Albert, A.; ANTARES Collaboration; IceCube Collaboration; The Pierre Auger Collaboration; LIGO Scientific Collaboration; Virgo Collaboration.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 850, No. 2, 29.11.2017, p. 1-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory

AU - Albert, A.

AU - Birney, R.

AU - Jawahar, S.

AU - Lockerbie, N. A.

AU - Reid, S.

AU - Tokmakov, K. V.

AU - ANTARES Collaboration

AU - IceCube Collaboration

AU - The Pierre Auger Collaboration

AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration

AU - Virgo Collaboration

PY - 2017/11/29

Y1 - 2017/11/29

N2 - The Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo observatories recently discovered gravitational waves from a binary neutron star inspiral. A short gamma-ray burst (GRB) that followed the merger of this binary was also recorded by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (Fermi-GBM), and the Anti-Coincidence Shield for the Spectrometer for the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), indicating particle acceleration by the source. The precise location of the event was determined by optical detections of emission following the merger. We searched for high-energy neutrinos from the merger in the GeV–EeV energy range using the Antares, IceCube, and Pierre Auger Observatories. No neutrinos directionally coincident with the source were detected within ±500 s around the merger time. Additionally, no MeV neutrino burst signal was detected coincident with the merger. We further carried out an extended search in the direction of the source for high-energy neutrinos within the 14 day period following the merger, but found no evidence of emission. We used these results to probe dissipation mechanisms in relativistic outflows driven by the binary neutron star merger. The non-detection is consistent with model predictions of short GRBs observed at a large off-axis angle.

AB - The Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo observatories recently discovered gravitational waves from a binary neutron star inspiral. A short gamma-ray burst (GRB) that followed the merger of this binary was also recorded by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (Fermi-GBM), and the Anti-Coincidence Shield for the Spectrometer for the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), indicating particle acceleration by the source. The precise location of the event was determined by optical detections of emission following the merger. We searched for high-energy neutrinos from the merger in the GeV–EeV energy range using the Antares, IceCube, and Pierre Auger Observatories. No neutrinos directionally coincident with the source were detected within ±500 s around the merger time. Additionally, no MeV neutrino burst signal was detected coincident with the merger. We further carried out an extended search in the direction of the source for high-energy neutrinos within the 14 day period following the merger, but found no evidence of emission. We used these results to probe dissipation mechanisms in relativistic outflows driven by the binary neutron star merger. The non-detection is consistent with model predictions of short GRBs observed at a large off-axis angle.

KW - LIGO

KW - gamma-ray burst

KW - gravitational waves

KW - neutron stars

KW - GW170817

KW - neutrinos

UR - http://iopscience.iop.org/journal/2041-8205

U2 - 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9aed

DO - 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9aed

M3 - Article

VL - 850

SP - 1

EP - 18

JO - Astrophysics Journal Letters

JF - Astrophysics Journal Letters

SN - 2041-8205

IS - 2

ER -

Albert A, ANTARES Collaboration, IceCube Collaboration, The Pierre Auger Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration. Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2017 Nov 29;850(2):1-18. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/aa9aed