### Abstract

When formed through dynamical interactions, stellar-mass binary black holes (BBHs) may retain eccentric orbits (*e* > 0.1
at 10 Hz) detectable by ground-based gravitational-wave detectors.
Eccentricity can therefore be used to differentiate dynamically formed
binaries from isolated BBH mergers. Current template-based
gravitational-wave searches do not use waveform models associated with
eccentric orbits, rendering the search less efficient for eccentric
binary systems. Here we present the results of a search for BBH mergers
that inspiral in eccentric orbits using data from the first and second
observing runs (O1 and O2) of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. We
carried out the search with the coherent WaveBurst algorithm, which uses
minimal assumptions on the signal morphology and does not rely on
binary waveform templates. We show that it is sensitive to binary
mergers with a detection range that is weakly dependent on eccentricity
for all bound systems. Our search did not identify any new binary merger
candidates. We interpret these results in light of eccentric binary
formation models. We rule out formation channels with rates 100 Gpc^{−3} yr^{−1} for *e* > 0.1, assuming a black hole mass spectrum with a power-law index 2.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Article number | 149 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | Astrophysical Journal |

Volume | 883 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 30 Sep 2019 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- LIGO
- intermediate mass black hole binaries
- IMBHBs
- gravitational waves
- BBHs
- binary black holes

### Cite this

*Astrophysical Journal*,

*883*(2), [149]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab3c2d

}

*Astrophysical Journal*, vol. 883, no. 2, 149. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab3c2d

**Search for eccentric binary black hole mergers with advanced LIGO and advanced Virgo during their first and second observing runs.** / Abbott, B. P.; Angelova, S. V.; Birney, R.; Macfoy, S.; Reid, S.; LIGO Scientific Collaboration; Virgo Collaboration.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for eccentric binary black hole mergers with advanced LIGO and advanced Virgo during their first and second observing runs

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Angelova, S. V.

AU - Birney, R.

AU - Macfoy, S.

AU - Reid, S.

AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration

AU - Virgo Collaboration

N1 - This research article is a multi-authored output. Please consult the manuscript for full attribution details.

PY - 2019/9/30

Y1 - 2019/9/30

N2 - When formed through dynamical interactions, stellar-mass binary black holes (BBHs) may retain eccentric orbits (e > 0.1 at 10 Hz) detectable by ground-based gravitational-wave detectors. Eccentricity can therefore be used to differentiate dynamically formed binaries from isolated BBH mergers. Current template-based gravitational-wave searches do not use waveform models associated with eccentric orbits, rendering the search less efficient for eccentric binary systems. Here we present the results of a search for BBH mergers that inspiral in eccentric orbits using data from the first and second observing runs (O1 and O2) of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. We carried out the search with the coherent WaveBurst algorithm, which uses minimal assumptions on the signal morphology and does not rely on binary waveform templates. We show that it is sensitive to binary mergers with a detection range that is weakly dependent on eccentricity for all bound systems. Our search did not identify any new binary merger candidates. We interpret these results in light of eccentric binary formation models. We rule out formation channels with rates 100 Gpc−3 yr−1 for e > 0.1, assuming a black hole mass spectrum with a power-law index 2.

AB - When formed through dynamical interactions, stellar-mass binary black holes (BBHs) may retain eccentric orbits (e > 0.1 at 10 Hz) detectable by ground-based gravitational-wave detectors. Eccentricity can therefore be used to differentiate dynamically formed binaries from isolated BBH mergers. Current template-based gravitational-wave searches do not use waveform models associated with eccentric orbits, rendering the search less efficient for eccentric binary systems. Here we present the results of a search for BBH mergers that inspiral in eccentric orbits using data from the first and second observing runs (O1 and O2) of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. We carried out the search with the coherent WaveBurst algorithm, which uses minimal assumptions on the signal morphology and does not rely on binary waveform templates. We show that it is sensitive to binary mergers with a detection range that is weakly dependent on eccentricity for all bound systems. Our search did not identify any new binary merger candidates. We interpret these results in light of eccentric binary formation models. We rule out formation channels with rates 100 Gpc−3 yr−1 for e > 0.1, assuming a black hole mass spectrum with a power-law index 2.

KW - LIGO

KW - intermediate mass black hole binaries

KW - IMBHBs

KW - gravitational waves

KW - BBHs

KW - binary black holes

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab3c2d

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab3c2d

M3 - Article

VL - 883

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 2

M1 - 149

ER -