Scrum, a revolutionary approach for design research

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

DESIGN RESEARCH can be characterised as being dynamic, wicked, and multidisciplinary. To accommodate these characteristics, design research needs to be approached differently from other types of research. Existing design research approaches identifiable in the literature are deemed insufficient to address the characteristics of design research and furthermore, the current options are limited. In this paper, we offer a new approach, adapted from a new product development framework called Scrum. It is an iterative and incremental approach, based on knowledge as it is gained. This is beneficial to address the dynamic and wicked characteristics of design research. Scrum also allows the use of multiple research techniques, which can accommodate the multidisciplinary characteristic of design research. To exemplify the application of Scrum adaptation in design research as well as to identify its pros and cons, the Scrum Design Research (SDR) approach was employed in a Collaborative Engineering Design (CED) study that aimed at developing a socio-technical architectural model. The example application shows that SDR allows the model to be created in an incremental manner. SDR also facilitates continuous lessons learned and improvement throughout the research. It encourages gathering of multiple perspectives from multiple sources and techniques to increase objectivity. The application illustrates that the approach can potentially provide a more comprehensive (from iterations) and objective (from triangulation) research result.

Conference

ConferenceInternational Association of Societies of Design Research Conference 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityManchester
Period2/09/195/09/19

Fingerprint

Triangulation
Product development

Keywords

  • design research approch
  • methods
  • engineering design
  • Scrum
  • SCrum Design Research
  • SDR

Cite this

Imron, T., & Duffy, AHB. (2019). Scrum, a revolutionary approach for design research. 1-11. Paper presented at International Association of Societies of Design Research Conference 2019, Manchester, United Kingdom.
Imron, Tiffany ; Duffy, AHB. / Scrum, a revolutionary approach for design research. Paper presented at International Association of Societies of Design Research Conference 2019, Manchester, United Kingdom.11 p.
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title = "Scrum, a revolutionary approach for design research",
abstract = "DESIGN RESEARCH can be characterised as being dynamic, wicked, and multidisciplinary. To accommodate these characteristics, design research needs to be approached differently from other types of research. Existing design research approaches identifiable in the literature are deemed insufficient to address the characteristics of design research and furthermore, the current options are limited. In this paper, we offer a new approach, adapted from a new product development framework called Scrum. It is an iterative and incremental approach, based on knowledge as it is gained. This is beneficial to address the dynamic and wicked characteristics of design research. Scrum also allows the use of multiple research techniques, which can accommodate the multidisciplinary characteristic of design research. To exemplify the application of Scrum adaptation in design research as well as to identify its pros and cons, the Scrum Design Research (SDR) approach was employed in a Collaborative Engineering Design (CED) study that aimed at developing a socio-technical architectural model. The example application shows that SDR allows the model to be created in an incremental manner. SDR also facilitates continuous lessons learned and improvement throughout the research. It encourages gathering of multiple perspectives from multiple sources and techniques to increase objectivity. The application illustrates that the approach can potentially provide a more comprehensive (from iterations) and objective (from triangulation) research result.",
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pages = "1--11",
note = "International Association of Societies of Design Research Conference 2019 : Design Revolutions ; Conference date: 02-09-2019 Through 05-09-2019",

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Imron, T & Duffy, AHB 2019, 'Scrum, a revolutionary approach for design research' Paper presented at International Association of Societies of Design Research Conference 2019, Manchester, United Kingdom, 2/09/19 - 5/09/19, pp. 1-11.

Scrum, a revolutionary approach for design research. / Imron, Tiffany; Duffy, AHB.

2019. 1-11 Paper presented at International Association of Societies of Design Research Conference 2019, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - DESIGN RESEARCH can be characterised as being dynamic, wicked, and multidisciplinary. To accommodate these characteristics, design research needs to be approached differently from other types of research. Existing design research approaches identifiable in the literature are deemed insufficient to address the characteristics of design research and furthermore, the current options are limited. In this paper, we offer a new approach, adapted from a new product development framework called Scrum. It is an iterative and incremental approach, based on knowledge as it is gained. This is beneficial to address the dynamic and wicked characteristics of design research. Scrum also allows the use of multiple research techniques, which can accommodate the multidisciplinary characteristic of design research. To exemplify the application of Scrum adaptation in design research as well as to identify its pros and cons, the Scrum Design Research (SDR) approach was employed in a Collaborative Engineering Design (CED) study that aimed at developing a socio-technical architectural model. The example application shows that SDR allows the model to be created in an incremental manner. SDR also facilitates continuous lessons learned and improvement throughout the research. It encourages gathering of multiple perspectives from multiple sources and techniques to increase objectivity. The application illustrates that the approach can potentially provide a more comprehensive (from iterations) and objective (from triangulation) research result.

AB - DESIGN RESEARCH can be characterised as being dynamic, wicked, and multidisciplinary. To accommodate these characteristics, design research needs to be approached differently from other types of research. Existing design research approaches identifiable in the literature are deemed insufficient to address the characteristics of design research and furthermore, the current options are limited. In this paper, we offer a new approach, adapted from a new product development framework called Scrum. It is an iterative and incremental approach, based on knowledge as it is gained. This is beneficial to address the dynamic and wicked characteristics of design research. Scrum also allows the use of multiple research techniques, which can accommodate the multidisciplinary characteristic of design research. To exemplify the application of Scrum adaptation in design research as well as to identify its pros and cons, the Scrum Design Research (SDR) approach was employed in a Collaborative Engineering Design (CED) study that aimed at developing a socio-technical architectural model. The example application shows that SDR allows the model to be created in an incremental manner. SDR also facilitates continuous lessons learned and improvement throughout the research. It encourages gathering of multiple perspectives from multiple sources and techniques to increase objectivity. The application illustrates that the approach can potentially provide a more comprehensive (from iterations) and objective (from triangulation) research result.

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Imron T, Duffy AHB. Scrum, a revolutionary approach for design research. 2019. Paper presented at International Association of Societies of Design Research Conference 2019, Manchester, United Kingdom.