Scottish bus services and the 'Buses' White Paper

Tom Hart, Frank Kirwan (Editor)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The White Paper on 'Buses' (Cmnd 9300; 1984) is undoubtedly a revolutionarydocument. The overriding theme is that, while the rise in car ownership and othershifts in lifestyle have created problems for the sector, the major current difficulties derive from lax growth of subsidies to an industry with a seriouslydefective structure. A rise in revenue support from £10m in 1972 to £520m in 1982 (£38m being in Scotland) has failed to reverse the decline in patronage and has come into sharp conflict with government's desire to cut public spending. Thebudgeted revenue support of English local authorities for buses in 1984/85 is still83? above government provision. The Scottish excess is lower, but still significant, at 34? The White Paper insists that these spending levels must be reduced yet goes on to argue that, in a fully competitive environment, spending cuts will be compatible with a reversal of public transport's declining share of the travel market. Since spending would be concentrated on specific social objectives, the government's view is that increased competition need not mean any increase in social deprivation. The urgency for structural change in the industry is stressed and legislation is anticipated in the 1984/85 parliamentary session. This briefing considers whether the proposals in the White Paper are appropriate and adequate to revive British public transport more generally while contributing to cost reductions.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages77-81
    Number of pages5
    JournalQuarterly Economic Commentary
    Volume10
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 1984

    Fingerprint

    public transport
    revenue
    Cost reduction
    social deprivation
    Industry
    public spending
    Railroad cars
    cost reduction
    industry
    clientelism
    structural change
    subsidy
    travel
    legislation
    market
    Government
    Bus
    Revenue
    Public transport
    Car

    Keywords

    • privatisation
    • transport policy
    • denationalisation
    • British public transport
    • buses
    • Scottish economy

    Cite this

    Hart, T., & Kirwan, F. (Ed.) (1984). Scottish bus services and the 'Buses' White Paper. Quarterly Economic Commentary, 10(1), 77-81.
    Hart, Tom ; Kirwan, Frank (Editor). / Scottish bus services and the 'Buses' White Paper. In: Quarterly Economic Commentary. 1984 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 77-81.
    @article{5c98c89d6daf48c5a217f719df914daa,
    title = "Scottish bus services and the 'Buses' White Paper",
    abstract = "The White Paper on 'Buses' (Cmnd 9300; 1984) is undoubtedly a revolutionarydocument. The overriding theme is that, while the rise in car ownership and othershifts in lifestyle have created problems for the sector, the major current difficulties derive from lax growth of subsidies to an industry with a seriouslydefective structure. A rise in revenue support from £10m in 1972 to £520m in 1982 (£38m being in Scotland) has failed to reverse the decline in patronage and has come into sharp conflict with government's desire to cut public spending. Thebudgeted revenue support of English local authorities for buses in 1984/85 is still83? above government provision. The Scottish excess is lower, but still significant, at 34? The White Paper insists that these spending levels must be reduced yet goes on to argue that, in a fully competitive environment, spending cuts will be compatible with a reversal of public transport's declining share of the travel market. Since spending would be concentrated on specific social objectives, the government's view is that increased competition need not mean any increase in social deprivation. The urgency for structural change in the industry is stressed and legislation is anticipated in the 1984/85 parliamentary session. This briefing considers whether the proposals in the White Paper are appropriate and adequate to revive British public transport more generally while contributing to cost reductions.",
    keywords = "privatisation, transport policy, denationalisation, British public transport, buses, Scottish economy",
    author = "Tom Hart and Frank Kirwan",
    year = "1984",
    month = "8",
    language = "English",
    volume = "10",
    pages = "77--81",
    journal = "Fraser of Allander Economic Commentary",
    issn = "2046-5378",
    publisher = "University of Strathclyde",
    number = "1",

    }

    Hart, T & Kirwan, F (ed.) 1984, 'Scottish bus services and the 'Buses' White Paper' Quarterly Economic Commentary, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 77-81.

    Scottish bus services and the 'Buses' White Paper. / Hart, Tom; Kirwan, Frank (Editor).

    In: Quarterly Economic Commentary, Vol. 10, No. 1, 08.1984, p. 77-81.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Scottish bus services and the 'Buses' White Paper

    AU - Hart, Tom

    A2 - Kirwan, Frank

    PY - 1984/8

    Y1 - 1984/8

    N2 - The White Paper on 'Buses' (Cmnd 9300; 1984) is undoubtedly a revolutionarydocument. The overriding theme is that, while the rise in car ownership and othershifts in lifestyle have created problems for the sector, the major current difficulties derive from lax growth of subsidies to an industry with a seriouslydefective structure. A rise in revenue support from £10m in 1972 to £520m in 1982 (£38m being in Scotland) has failed to reverse the decline in patronage and has come into sharp conflict with government's desire to cut public spending. Thebudgeted revenue support of English local authorities for buses in 1984/85 is still83? above government provision. The Scottish excess is lower, but still significant, at 34? The White Paper insists that these spending levels must be reduced yet goes on to argue that, in a fully competitive environment, spending cuts will be compatible with a reversal of public transport's declining share of the travel market. Since spending would be concentrated on specific social objectives, the government's view is that increased competition need not mean any increase in social deprivation. The urgency for structural change in the industry is stressed and legislation is anticipated in the 1984/85 parliamentary session. This briefing considers whether the proposals in the White Paper are appropriate and adequate to revive British public transport more generally while contributing to cost reductions.

    AB - The White Paper on 'Buses' (Cmnd 9300; 1984) is undoubtedly a revolutionarydocument. The overriding theme is that, while the rise in car ownership and othershifts in lifestyle have created problems for the sector, the major current difficulties derive from lax growth of subsidies to an industry with a seriouslydefective structure. A rise in revenue support from £10m in 1972 to £520m in 1982 (£38m being in Scotland) has failed to reverse the decline in patronage and has come into sharp conflict with government's desire to cut public spending. Thebudgeted revenue support of English local authorities for buses in 1984/85 is still83? above government provision. The Scottish excess is lower, but still significant, at 34? The White Paper insists that these spending levels must be reduced yet goes on to argue that, in a fully competitive environment, spending cuts will be compatible with a reversal of public transport's declining share of the travel market. Since spending would be concentrated on specific social objectives, the government's view is that increased competition need not mean any increase in social deprivation. The urgency for structural change in the industry is stressed and legislation is anticipated in the 1984/85 parliamentary session. This briefing considers whether the proposals in the White Paper are appropriate and adequate to revive British public transport more generally while contributing to cost reductions.

    KW - privatisation

    KW - transport policy

    KW - denationalisation

    KW - British public transport

    KW - buses

    KW - Scottish economy

    UR - http://www.strath.ac.uk/frasercommentary/

    UR - http://www.strath.ac.uk/fraser/

    M3 - Article

    VL - 10

    SP - 77

    EP - 81

    JO - Fraser of Allander Economic Commentary

    T2 - Fraser of Allander Economic Commentary

    JF - Fraser of Allander Economic Commentary

    SN - 2046-5378

    IS - 1

    ER -