Scalable continuous solvothermal synthesis of metal organic framework (MOF-5) crystals

Colin McKinstry, Russell J. Cathcart, Edmund J. Cussen, Ashleigh J. Fletcher, Siddharth V. Patwardhan, Jan Sefcik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Metal-organic frameworks (MOF)s are well suited as nanoporous materials for applications such as gas storage, catalysis and in medical devices. Literature predominantly covers information on the batch synthesis of MOF-5, however, for an industrially viable product to be formed, bridging the gap to scalable continuous processing is essential. Here, we show that crystals of MOF-5 can be formed in a scalable solvothermal continuous process with a maximum space time yield of nearly 1000 kg m-3 day-1. Analysis of the solid output as a function of time, in conjunction with variation of concentration of the feed supply, shows high purity MOF-5 is produced using a continuous system, with potentially high throughput on scale up. We also show that the output can be increased by increasing the concentration of reactants in the system, albeit resulting in a reduced surface area. The two most common solvents currently used for MOF-5 production are also compared to identify a more economically viable process.
LanguageEnglish
Pages718-725
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume285
Early online date22 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

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Metals
crystal
Crystals
metal
gas storage
catalysis
Catalysis
surface area
Throughput
Processing

Keywords

  • manufacturing
  • microporous materials
  • Zn4O(BDC)3

Cite this

McKinstry, Colin ; Cathcart, Russell J. ; Cussen, Edmund J. ; Fletcher, Ashleigh J. ; Patwardhan, Siddharth V. ; Sefcik, Jan. / Scalable continuous solvothermal synthesis of metal organic framework (MOF-5) crystals. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 285. pp. 718-725.
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Scalable continuous solvothermal synthesis of metal organic framework (MOF-5) crystals. / McKinstry, Colin; Cathcart, Russell J.; Cussen, Edmund J.; Fletcher, Ashleigh J.; Patwardhan, Siddharth V.; Sefcik, Jan.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 285, 01.02.2016, p. 718-725.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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