This paper reviews the recent advancement made in data-driven technologies based on SCADA data for improving wind turbines' operation and maintenance activities (e.g. condition monitoring, decision support, critical components failure detections) and the challenges associated with them. Machine learning techniques applied to wind turbines' operation and maintenance (O&M) are reviewed. The data sources, feature engineering and model selection (classification, regression) and validation are all used to categorise these data-driven models. Our findings suggest that (a) most models use 10-minute mean SCADA data, though the use of high-resolution data has shown greater advantages as compared to 10-minute mean value but comes with high computational challenges. (b) Most of SCADA data are confidential and not available in the public domain which slows down technological advancements. (c) These datasets are used for both, the classification and regression of wind turbines but are used in classification extensively. And, (d) most commonly used data-driven models are neural networks, support vector machines, probabilistic models and decision trees and each of these models has its own merits and demerits. We conclude the paper by discussing the potential areas where SCADA data-based data-driven methodologies could be used in future wind energy research.
|Number of pages||20|
|Early online date||19 Sept 2022|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 19 Sept 2022|
- SCADA data
- machine learing models
- wind turbines