SCADA data-based support vector machine wind turbine power curve uncertainty estimation and its comparative studies

Ravi Pandit, Athanasios Kolios

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Power curves, supplied by turbine manufacturers, are extensively used in condition monitoring, energy estimation, and improving operational efficiency. However, there is substantial uncertainty linked to power curve measurements as they usually take place only at hub height. Data-driven model accuracy is significantly affected by uncertainty. Therefore, an accurate estimation of uncertainty gives the confidence to wind farm operators for improving performance/condition monitoring and energy forecasting activities that are based on data-driven methods. The support vector machine (SVM) is a data-driven, machine learning approach, widely used in solving problems related to classification and regression. The uncertainty associated with models is quantified using confidence intervals (CIs), which are themselves estimated. This study proposes two approaches, namely, pointwise CIs and simultaneous CIs, to measure the uncertainty associated with an SVM-based power curve model. A radial basis function is taken as the kernel function to improve the accuracy of the SVM models. The proposed techniques are then verified by extensive 10 min average supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) data, obtained from pitch-controlled wind turbines. The results suggest that both proposed techniques are effective in measuring SVM power curve uncertainty, out of which, pointwise CIs are found to be the most accurate because they produce relatively smaller CIs. Thus, pointwise CIs have better ability to reject faulty data if fault detection algorithms were constructed based on SVM power curve and pointwise CIs. The full paper will explain the merits and demerits of the proposed research in detail and lay out a foundation regarding how this can be used for offshore wind turbine conditions and/or performance monitoring activities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8685
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2020


  • condition monitoring
  • machine learning
  • power curves
  • SCADA datasets
  • support vector machines
  • wind turbines

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