Twenty-six healthy 7-year-old children were enrolled in a 5-year longitudinal study to examine the importance of age and speed in the characterization of sagittal joint angles, moments, and powers. In 740 gait trials, children walking at self-selected speeds were examined on the basis of age and normalized speed [speed/(height xg)1/2]. The kinematics and kinetics in these children were characterized predominantly by normalized speed of progression and not age. The clinical relevance of these findings is that normalized speed of walking, rather than age, should be considered when comparing normal with pathologic gait.
Stansfield, B. W., Hazelwood, M. E., Hillman, S. J., Lawson, A. M., Loudon, I. R., Mann, A. M., & Robb, J. E. (2001). Sagittal joint kinematics, moments, and powers are predominantly characterised by speed of progression, not age, in normal children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 21(3), 403-411. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004694-200105000-00027