Rotor scaling methodologies for small scale testing of floating wind turbine systems

Steven Martin, Sandy Day, Conor B. Gilmour

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two scaling methodologies are presented to address the dissimilitude normally experienced when attempting to measure global aerodynamic loads on a small scale wind turbine rotor from a full scale reference. The first, termed direct aerofoil replacement (DAR), redesigns the profile of the blade using a multipoint aerofoil optimisation algorithm, which couples a genetic algorithm (GA) and XFOIL, such that the local non-dimensional lift force is similar to the full scale. Correcting for the reduced Reynolds number in this manner allows for the non-dimensional chord and twist distributions to be maintained at small scale increasing the similitude of the unsteady aerodynamic response; an inherent consideration in the study of the aerodynamic response of floating wind turbine rotors. The second, the geometrically free rotor design (GFRD) methodology, which utilises the Python based multi-objective GA DEAP and blade-element momentum (BEM) code CCBlade, results in a more simplistic but less accurate design. Numerical simulations of two rotors, produced using the defined scaling methodologies, show an excellent level of similarity of the thrust and reasonably good torque matching for the DAR rotor to the full scale reference. The GFRD rotor design is more simplistic, and hence more readily manufacturable, than the DAR, however the aerodynamic performance match to the full scale turbine is relatively poor.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE
Number of pages10
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2015 - St. John's, Canada
Duration: 31 May 20155 Jun 2015

Conference

ConferenceASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2015
CountryCanada
CitySt. John's
Period31/05/155/06/15

Fingerprint

Wind turbines
Rotors
Airfoils
Testing
Aerodynamics
Genetic algorithms
Aerodynamic loads
Momentum
Reynolds number
Turbines
Torque
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • rotors
  • testing
  • floating wind turbine

Cite this

Martin, S., Day, S., & Gilmour, C. B. (2015). Rotor scaling methodologies for small scale testing of floating wind turbine systems. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE (Vol. 9). [OMAE2015-41599] https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2015-41599
Martin, Steven ; Day, Sandy ; Gilmour, Conor B. / Rotor scaling methodologies for small scale testing of floating wind turbine systems. Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE. Vol. 9 2015.
@inproceedings{b06ce7a88aff4e4687d1941511a20b1f,
title = "Rotor scaling methodologies for small scale testing of floating wind turbine systems",
abstract = "Two scaling methodologies are presented to address the dissimilitude normally experienced when attempting to measure global aerodynamic loads on a small scale wind turbine rotor from a full scale reference. The first, termed direct aerofoil replacement (DAR), redesigns the profile of the blade using a multipoint aerofoil optimisation algorithm, which couples a genetic algorithm (GA) and XFOIL, such that the local non-dimensional lift force is similar to the full scale. Correcting for the reduced Reynolds number in this manner allows for the non-dimensional chord and twist distributions to be maintained at small scale increasing the similitude of the unsteady aerodynamic response; an inherent consideration in the study of the aerodynamic response of floating wind turbine rotors. The second, the geometrically free rotor design (GFRD) methodology, which utilises the Python based multi-objective GA DEAP and blade-element momentum (BEM) code CCBlade, results in a more simplistic but less accurate design. Numerical simulations of two rotors, produced using the defined scaling methodologies, show an excellent level of similarity of the thrust and reasonably good torque matching for the DAR rotor to the full scale reference. The GFRD rotor design is more simplistic, and hence more readily manufacturable, than the DAR, however the aerodynamic performance match to the full scale turbine is relatively poor.",
keywords = "rotors, testing, floating wind turbine",
author = "Steven Martin and Sandy Day and Gilmour, {Conor B.}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1115/OMAE2015-41599",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780791856574",
volume = "9",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE",

}

Martin, S, Day, S & Gilmour, CB 2015, Rotor scaling methodologies for small scale testing of floating wind turbine systems. in Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE. vol. 9, OMAE2015-41599, ASME 2015 34th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2015, St. John's, Canada, 31/05/15. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2015-41599

Rotor scaling methodologies for small scale testing of floating wind turbine systems. / Martin, Steven; Day, Sandy; Gilmour, Conor B.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE. Vol. 9 2015. OMAE2015-41599.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - Rotor scaling methodologies for small scale testing of floating wind turbine systems

AU - Martin, Steven

AU - Day, Sandy

AU - Gilmour, Conor B.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Two scaling methodologies are presented to address the dissimilitude normally experienced when attempting to measure global aerodynamic loads on a small scale wind turbine rotor from a full scale reference. The first, termed direct aerofoil replacement (DAR), redesigns the profile of the blade using a multipoint aerofoil optimisation algorithm, which couples a genetic algorithm (GA) and XFOIL, such that the local non-dimensional lift force is similar to the full scale. Correcting for the reduced Reynolds number in this manner allows for the non-dimensional chord and twist distributions to be maintained at small scale increasing the similitude of the unsteady aerodynamic response; an inherent consideration in the study of the aerodynamic response of floating wind turbine rotors. The second, the geometrically free rotor design (GFRD) methodology, which utilises the Python based multi-objective GA DEAP and blade-element momentum (BEM) code CCBlade, results in a more simplistic but less accurate design. Numerical simulations of two rotors, produced using the defined scaling methodologies, show an excellent level of similarity of the thrust and reasonably good torque matching for the DAR rotor to the full scale reference. The GFRD rotor design is more simplistic, and hence more readily manufacturable, than the DAR, however the aerodynamic performance match to the full scale turbine is relatively poor.

AB - Two scaling methodologies are presented to address the dissimilitude normally experienced when attempting to measure global aerodynamic loads on a small scale wind turbine rotor from a full scale reference. The first, termed direct aerofoil replacement (DAR), redesigns the profile of the blade using a multipoint aerofoil optimisation algorithm, which couples a genetic algorithm (GA) and XFOIL, such that the local non-dimensional lift force is similar to the full scale. Correcting for the reduced Reynolds number in this manner allows for the non-dimensional chord and twist distributions to be maintained at small scale increasing the similitude of the unsteady aerodynamic response; an inherent consideration in the study of the aerodynamic response of floating wind turbine rotors. The second, the geometrically free rotor design (GFRD) methodology, which utilises the Python based multi-objective GA DEAP and blade-element momentum (BEM) code CCBlade, results in a more simplistic but less accurate design. Numerical simulations of two rotors, produced using the defined scaling methodologies, show an excellent level of similarity of the thrust and reasonably good torque matching for the DAR rotor to the full scale reference. The GFRD rotor design is more simplistic, and hence more readily manufacturable, than the DAR, however the aerodynamic performance match to the full scale turbine is relatively poor.

KW - rotors

KW - testing

KW - floating wind turbine

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84947800518&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1115/OMAE2015-41599

DO - 10.1115/OMAE2015-41599

M3 - Conference contribution book

SN - 9780791856574

VL - 9

BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE

ER -

Martin S, Day S, Gilmour CB. Rotor scaling methodologies for small scale testing of floating wind turbine systems. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE. Vol. 9. 2015. OMAE2015-41599 https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2015-41599