Roadblocks to low temperature district heating

Michael-Allan Millar, Bruce Elrick, Greg Jones, Zhibin Yu, Neil M. Burnside

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


Energy usage in buildings is coming increasingly under the spotlight as carbon policy focus shifts towards the utilization of thermal energy. In the UK, heating and hot water accounts for around 40% of energy consumption and 20% of greenhouse gas emissions. Heating is typically produced onsite, making widescale carbon or energetic improvements challenging. District Heating Networks (DHNs) can offer significant carbon reduction for many users but can only be implemented if the end user buildings have good thermal energy efficiency. This greatly limits the
ability to implement advancing 4th and 5 15 th generation DHNs, which are the most advanced systems available.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5893
Number of pages21
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2020


  • district heating
  • low temperature
  • 5th generation


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