Rivulet flow of generalized Newtonian fluids

F. H. H. Al Mukahal, B. R. Duffy, S. K. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Steady unidirectional gravity-driven flow of a uniform thin rivulet (i.e. a rivulet with small transverse aspect ratio) of a generalised Newtonian fluid down a vertical planar substrate is considered. The parametric solution for any generalised Newtonian fluid whose viscosity can be expressed as a function of the shear rate, and the explicit solution for any generalised Newtonian fluid whose viscosity can be expressed as a function of the extra stress are obtained. These general solutions are used to describe rivulet flow of Carreau and Ellis fluids, highlighting the similarities and differences between the behaviour of these two fluids. In addition, the general behaviour of rivulets of nearly Newtonian fluids and of rivulets with small or large prescribed flux, as well as the behaviour of rivulets of strongly shear-thinning Carreau and Ellis fluids, are also described. It is found that whereas the monotonic dependence of the viscosity of a Carreau fluid on its three non-dimensional parameters and of an Ellis fluid on two of its three non-dimensional parameters leads to the expected dependence of the behaviour of the rivulet on these parameters (namely that increasing the viscosity of the fluid leads to a larger rivulet), the non-monotonic dependence of the viscosity of an Ellis fluid on the non dimensional parameter that measures the degree of shear thinning leads to a more complicated dependence of the behaviour of the rivulet on this parameter. In particular, it is also found that when the maximum extra stress in the rivulet is sufficiently large a rivulet of an Ellis fluid in the strongly shear-thinning limit in which this parameter becomes large comprises two regions with different viscosities. In the general case of non-zero viscosity in the limit of large extra stress the two regions have different constant viscosities, whereas in the special case of zero viscosity in the limit of large extra stress one region has constant viscosity and the other has a non-constant power-law viscosity, leading to a plug-like velocity profile with large magnitude in the narrow central region of the rivulet.
LanguageEnglish
Article number083302
Number of pages24
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Volume3
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Newtonian fluids
Newtonian Fluid
Viscosity
viscosity
Fluids
Fluid
fluids
Shear Thinning
shear thinning
Shear thinning
Parametric Solutions
Velocity Profile
plugs
Explicit Solution
General Solution
Aspect Ratio
Monotonic
aspect ratio
Shear deformation
Gravity

Keywords

  • Newtonian fluid
  • viscosity
  • Carreau fluids
  • Ellis fluids
  • rivulets

Cite this

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title = "Rivulet flow of generalized Newtonian fluids",
abstract = "Steady unidirectional gravity-driven flow of a uniform thin rivulet (i.e. a rivulet with small transverse aspect ratio) of a generalised Newtonian fluid down a vertical planar substrate is considered. The parametric solution for any generalised Newtonian fluid whose viscosity can be expressed as a function of the shear rate, and the explicit solution for any generalised Newtonian fluid whose viscosity can be expressed as a function of the extra stress are obtained. These general solutions are used to describe rivulet flow of Carreau and Ellis fluids, highlighting the similarities and differences between the behaviour of these two fluids. In addition, the general behaviour of rivulets of nearly Newtonian fluids and of rivulets with small or large prescribed flux, as well as the behaviour of rivulets of strongly shear-thinning Carreau and Ellis fluids, are also described. It is found that whereas the monotonic dependence of the viscosity of a Carreau fluid on its three non-dimensional parameters and of an Ellis fluid on two of its three non-dimensional parameters leads to the expected dependence of the behaviour of the rivulet on these parameters (namely that increasing the viscosity of the fluid leads to a larger rivulet), the non-monotonic dependence of the viscosity of an Ellis fluid on the non dimensional parameter that measures the degree of shear thinning leads to a more complicated dependence of the behaviour of the rivulet on this parameter. In particular, it is also found that when the maximum extra stress in the rivulet is sufficiently large a rivulet of an Ellis fluid in the strongly shear-thinning limit in which this parameter becomes large comprises two regions with different viscosities. In the general case of non-zero viscosity in the limit of large extra stress the two regions have different constant viscosities, whereas in the special case of zero viscosity in the limit of large extra stress one region has constant viscosity and the other has a non-constant power-law viscosity, leading to a plug-like velocity profile with large magnitude in the narrow central region of the rivulet.",
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Rivulet flow of generalized Newtonian fluids. / Al Mukahal, F. H. H.; Duffy, B. R.; Wilson, S. K.

In: Physical Review Fluids, Vol. 3, No. 8, 083302, 06.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rivulet flow of generalized Newtonian fluids

AU - Al Mukahal, F. H. H.

AU - Duffy, B. R.

AU - Wilson, S. K.

PY - 2018/8/6

Y1 - 2018/8/6

N2 - Steady unidirectional gravity-driven flow of a uniform thin rivulet (i.e. a rivulet with small transverse aspect ratio) of a generalised Newtonian fluid down a vertical planar substrate is considered. The parametric solution for any generalised Newtonian fluid whose viscosity can be expressed as a function of the shear rate, and the explicit solution for any generalised Newtonian fluid whose viscosity can be expressed as a function of the extra stress are obtained. These general solutions are used to describe rivulet flow of Carreau and Ellis fluids, highlighting the similarities and differences between the behaviour of these two fluids. In addition, the general behaviour of rivulets of nearly Newtonian fluids and of rivulets with small or large prescribed flux, as well as the behaviour of rivulets of strongly shear-thinning Carreau and Ellis fluids, are also described. It is found that whereas the monotonic dependence of the viscosity of a Carreau fluid on its three non-dimensional parameters and of an Ellis fluid on two of its three non-dimensional parameters leads to the expected dependence of the behaviour of the rivulet on these parameters (namely that increasing the viscosity of the fluid leads to a larger rivulet), the non-monotonic dependence of the viscosity of an Ellis fluid on the non dimensional parameter that measures the degree of shear thinning leads to a more complicated dependence of the behaviour of the rivulet on this parameter. In particular, it is also found that when the maximum extra stress in the rivulet is sufficiently large a rivulet of an Ellis fluid in the strongly shear-thinning limit in which this parameter becomes large comprises two regions with different viscosities. In the general case of non-zero viscosity in the limit of large extra stress the two regions have different constant viscosities, whereas in the special case of zero viscosity in the limit of large extra stress one region has constant viscosity and the other has a non-constant power-law viscosity, leading to a plug-like velocity profile with large magnitude in the narrow central region of the rivulet.

AB - Steady unidirectional gravity-driven flow of a uniform thin rivulet (i.e. a rivulet with small transverse aspect ratio) of a generalised Newtonian fluid down a vertical planar substrate is considered. The parametric solution for any generalised Newtonian fluid whose viscosity can be expressed as a function of the shear rate, and the explicit solution for any generalised Newtonian fluid whose viscosity can be expressed as a function of the extra stress are obtained. These general solutions are used to describe rivulet flow of Carreau and Ellis fluids, highlighting the similarities and differences between the behaviour of these two fluids. In addition, the general behaviour of rivulets of nearly Newtonian fluids and of rivulets with small or large prescribed flux, as well as the behaviour of rivulets of strongly shear-thinning Carreau and Ellis fluids, are also described. It is found that whereas the monotonic dependence of the viscosity of a Carreau fluid on its three non-dimensional parameters and of an Ellis fluid on two of its three non-dimensional parameters leads to the expected dependence of the behaviour of the rivulet on these parameters (namely that increasing the viscosity of the fluid leads to a larger rivulet), the non-monotonic dependence of the viscosity of an Ellis fluid on the non dimensional parameter that measures the degree of shear thinning leads to a more complicated dependence of the behaviour of the rivulet on this parameter. In particular, it is also found that when the maximum extra stress in the rivulet is sufficiently large a rivulet of an Ellis fluid in the strongly shear-thinning limit in which this parameter becomes large comprises two regions with different viscosities. In the general case of non-zero viscosity in the limit of large extra stress the two regions have different constant viscosities, whereas in the special case of zero viscosity in the limit of large extra stress one region has constant viscosity and the other has a non-constant power-law viscosity, leading to a plug-like velocity profile with large magnitude in the narrow central region of the rivulet.

KW - Newtonian fluid

KW - viscosity

KW - Carreau fluids

KW - Ellis fluids

KW - rivulets

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