Risk of vicarious trauma in nursing research

a focused mapping review and synthesis

Julie Taylor, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Jenna P Breckenridge, Christine Jones, Oliver Rudolf Herber

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    8 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
    To provide a snapshot of how vicarious trauma is considered within the published nursing research literature.
    BACKGROUND:
    Vicarious trauma (secondary traumatic stress) has been the focus of attention in nursing practice for many years. The most pertinent areas to invoke vicarious trauma in research have been suggested as abuse/violence and death/dying. What is not known is how researchers account for the risks of vicarious trauma in research.
    DESIGN:
    Focused mapping review and synthesis. Empirical studies meeting criteria for abuse/violence or death/dying in relevant Scopus ranked top nursing journals (n = 6) January 2009 to December 2014.
    METHODS:
    Relevant papers were scrutinised for the extent to which researchers discussed the risk of vicarious trauma. Aspects of the studies were mapped systematically to a pre-defined template, allowing patterns and gaps in authors' reporting to be determined. These were synthesised into a coherent profile of current reporting practices and from this, a new conceptualisation seeking to anticipate and address the risk of vicarious trauma was developed.
    RESULTS:
    Two thousand five hundred and three papers were published during the review period, of which 104 met the inclusion criteria. Studies were distributed evenly by method (52 qualitative; 51 quantitative; one mixed methods) and by focus (54 abuse/violence; 50 death/dying). The majority of studies (98) were carried out in adult populations. Only two papers reported on vicarious trauma.
    CONCLUSION:
    The conceptualisation of vicarious trauma takes account of both sensitivity of the substantive data collected, and closeness of those involved with the research. This might assist researchers in designing ethical and protective research and foreground the importance of managing risks of vicarious trauma.
    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:
    Vicarious trauma is not well considered in research into clinically important topics. Our proposed framework allows for consideration of these so that precautionary measures can be put in place to minimise harm to staff.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2768-2777
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
    Volume25
    Issue number19-20
    Early online date10 May 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2016

    Fingerprint

    Nursing Research
    trauma
    nursing
    dying
    Violence
    abuse
    Research
    violence
    death
    Research Personnel
    Nursing
    Compassion Fatigue
    qualitative method
    inclusion
    staff

    Keywords

    • abuse
    • bereavement
    • death
    • mapping review
    • nursing
    • risk
    • secondary emotional distress
    • sensitive issues research
    • vicarious trauma
    • violence

    Cite this

    Taylor, J., Bradbury-Jones, C., Breckenridge, J. P., Jones, C., & Herber , O. R. (2016). Risk of vicarious trauma in nursing research: a focused mapping review and synthesis. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25(19-20), 2768-2777. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.13235
    Taylor, Julie ; Bradbury-Jones, Caroline ; Breckenridge, Jenna P ; Jones, Christine ; Herber , Oliver Rudolf. / Risk of vicarious trauma in nursing research : a focused mapping review and synthesis. In: Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 19-20. pp. 2768-2777.
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    Taylor, J, Bradbury-Jones, C, Breckenridge, JP, Jones, C & Herber , OR 2016, 'Risk of vicarious trauma in nursing research: a focused mapping review and synthesis', Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 25, no. 19-20, pp. 2768-2777. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.13235

    Risk of vicarious trauma in nursing research : a focused mapping review and synthesis. / Taylor, Julie; Bradbury-Jones, Caroline; Breckenridge, Jenna P; Jones, Christine; Herber , Oliver Rudolf.

    In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 25, No. 19-20, 31.10.2016, p. 2768-2777.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Risk of vicarious trauma in nursing research

    T2 - a focused mapping review and synthesis

    AU - Taylor, Julie

    AU - Bradbury-Jones, Caroline

    AU - Breckenridge, Jenna P

    AU - Jones, Christine

    AU - Herber , Oliver Rudolf

    PY - 2016/10/31

    Y1 - 2016/10/31

    N2 - AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:To provide a snapshot of how vicarious trauma is considered within the published nursing research literature.BACKGROUND:Vicarious trauma (secondary traumatic stress) has been the focus of attention in nursing practice for many years. The most pertinent areas to invoke vicarious trauma in research have been suggested as abuse/violence and death/dying. What is not known is how researchers account for the risks of vicarious trauma in research.DESIGN:Focused mapping review and synthesis. Empirical studies meeting criteria for abuse/violence or death/dying in relevant Scopus ranked top nursing journals (n = 6) January 2009 to December 2014.METHODS:Relevant papers were scrutinised for the extent to which researchers discussed the risk of vicarious trauma. Aspects of the studies were mapped systematically to a pre-defined template, allowing patterns and gaps in authors' reporting to be determined. These were synthesised into a coherent profile of current reporting practices and from this, a new conceptualisation seeking to anticipate and address the risk of vicarious trauma was developed.RESULTS:Two thousand five hundred and three papers were published during the review period, of which 104 met the inclusion criteria. Studies were distributed evenly by method (52 qualitative; 51 quantitative; one mixed methods) and by focus (54 abuse/violence; 50 death/dying). The majority of studies (98) were carried out in adult populations. Only two papers reported on vicarious trauma.CONCLUSION:The conceptualisation of vicarious trauma takes account of both sensitivity of the substantive data collected, and closeness of those involved with the research. This might assist researchers in designing ethical and protective research and foreground the importance of managing risks of vicarious trauma.RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:Vicarious trauma is not well considered in research into clinically important topics. Our proposed framework allows for consideration of these so that precautionary measures can be put in place to minimise harm to staff.

    AB - AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:To provide a snapshot of how vicarious trauma is considered within the published nursing research literature.BACKGROUND:Vicarious trauma (secondary traumatic stress) has been the focus of attention in nursing practice for many years. The most pertinent areas to invoke vicarious trauma in research have been suggested as abuse/violence and death/dying. What is not known is how researchers account for the risks of vicarious trauma in research.DESIGN:Focused mapping review and synthesis. Empirical studies meeting criteria for abuse/violence or death/dying in relevant Scopus ranked top nursing journals (n = 6) January 2009 to December 2014.METHODS:Relevant papers were scrutinised for the extent to which researchers discussed the risk of vicarious trauma. Aspects of the studies were mapped systematically to a pre-defined template, allowing patterns and gaps in authors' reporting to be determined. These were synthesised into a coherent profile of current reporting practices and from this, a new conceptualisation seeking to anticipate and address the risk of vicarious trauma was developed.RESULTS:Two thousand five hundred and three papers were published during the review period, of which 104 met the inclusion criteria. Studies were distributed evenly by method (52 qualitative; 51 quantitative; one mixed methods) and by focus (54 abuse/violence; 50 death/dying). The majority of studies (98) were carried out in adult populations. Only two papers reported on vicarious trauma.CONCLUSION:The conceptualisation of vicarious trauma takes account of both sensitivity of the substantive data collected, and closeness of those involved with the research. This might assist researchers in designing ethical and protective research and foreground the importance of managing risks of vicarious trauma.RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:Vicarious trauma is not well considered in research into clinically important topics. Our proposed framework allows for consideration of these so that precautionary measures can be put in place to minimise harm to staff.

    KW - abuse

    KW - bereavement

    KW - death

    KW - mapping review

    KW - nursing

    KW - risk

    KW - secondary emotional distress

    KW - sensitive issues research

    KW - vicarious trauma

    KW - violence

    UR - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/13652702

    U2 - 10.1111/jocn.13235

    DO - 10.1111/jocn.13235

    M3 - Article

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    EP - 2777

    JO - Journal of Clinical Nursing

    JF - Journal of Clinical Nursing

    SN - 0962-1067

    IS - 19-20

    ER -