Risk, adaptation and the functional teenage brain

Howard Sercombe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Over the last decade, the propensity for young people to take risks has been a particular focus of neuroscientific inquiries into human development. Taking population-level data about teenagers' involvement in drinking, smoking, dangerous driving and unprotected sex as indicative, a consensus has developed about the association between risk-taking and the temporal misalignment in the development of reward-seeking and executive regions of the brain. There are epistemological difficulties in this theory. Risk, the brain, and adolescence are different kinds of objects, and bringing them into the same frame for analysis is not unproblematic. In particular, risk is inextricably contextual and value-driven. The assessment of adolescent behaviour and decision-making as 'sub-optimal', and the implication that the developmental schedule of the teenage brain is dysfunctional, is also reassessed in terms of evolutionary development of the individual, the family and the human community. The paper proposes a view of adolescent development as adaptive, and a focus on young people's capacities in the profile of the needs of the community as a whole.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)61-69
    Number of pages9
    JournalBrain and Cognition
    Volume89
    Early online date24 Jan 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

    Fingerprint

    Brain
    Adolescent Development
    Unsafe Sex
    Adolescent Behavior
    Human Development
    Risk-Taking
    Reward
    Drinking
    Consensus
    Decision Making
    Appointments and Schedules
    Smoking
    Population
    Epistemological
    Contextual
    Evolutionary
    Indicative
    Teenagers
    Propensity
    Adolescence

    Keywords

    • adolescence
    • risk
    • brain
    • adaptive
    • discourse
    • youth
    • evolution

    Cite this

    Sercombe, Howard. / Risk, adaptation and the functional teenage brain. In: Brain and Cognition. 2014 ; Vol. 89. pp. 61-69.
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    Risk, adaptation and the functional teenage brain. / Sercombe, Howard.

    In: Brain and Cognition, Vol. 89, 08.2014, p. 61-69.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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