Yellow crystalline salts (3-XpyH)2[CuCl4] (3-XpyH = 3-halopyridinium, X = Cl, Br) lose HCl upon exposure to air in an open vessel, yielding quantitatively blue crystalline coordination compounds [CuCl2(3-Xpy)2]. The reaction is prevented if the vessel is sealed, but can be driven forward under such conditions by providing a trapping agent for HCl, such as an aqueous solution of AgNO3. The reaction requires cleavage of Cu-Cl and N-H bonds and formation of Cu-N bonds. The metal coordination geometry also changes from distorted tetrahedral to square planar. Remarkably, the reaction is fully reversible upon exposure of the blue coordination compound to vapor from a concentrated aqueous solution of HCl, and the initial yellow crystalline salt results. The structural changes occurring in these reactions have been followed by X-ray powder diffraction, including Rietveld refinement, of the crystal structures.
|Number of pages||9499|
|Journal||Journal of American Chemical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
- applied physiology
- bond cleavage
- HCl molecules