Reversed mnemic neglect of self-threatening memories in dysphoria

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research has suggested that people have difficulties remembering information which is threatening to the self—an effect known as mnemic neglect. Three experiments are presented that examined mnemic neglect in dysphoria and whether dysphoric individuals show enhanced memory for self-threatening information. Pilot work determined that dysphoric participants rated central negative traits as more important than nondysphoric participants. In Experiment 1, dysphoric participants were found to have better memory for self-threatening information than nondysphoric participants. Enhanced recall of self-threatening memories was also found for unmodifiable (Experiment 2), and highly diagnostic (Experiment 3) self-threatening traits. The findings suggest that dysphoric participants show reversed mnemic neglect effects indicating enhanced access to negative information relating to the self.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-867
Number of pages14
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume25
Issue number5
Early online date23 Nov 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • mnemic neglect
  • dysphoria
  • reversed mnemic neglect

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