Retrieval-induced forgetting in repressors, defensive high anxious, high anxious and low anxious individuals

Jo Saunders, Rhian Worth, Smriti Vallath, Marcelle Fernandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous research has indicated that repressors forget more negative memories which may be due to enhanced inhibitory abilities. To investigate this issue the retrieval practice paradigm was modified for use with neutral and negative personality traits. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants chose neutral and negative traits which were self descriptive and then performed retrieval practice on the neutral traits. Repressors and low anxious participants were found to demonstrate forgetting of negative traits with repressors forgetting more negative traits than low anxious participants. In Experiment 2 the inhibitory account was tested by comparing retrieval practice with re-presentation. Retrieval practice led to forgetting but re-presentation did not. In Experiment 3 forgetting of neutral traits was evident in the repressors and low anxious groups but repressors did not exhibit increased forgetting. In Experiment 4 the cue independent method was used to examine inhibition for neutral material. All groups demonstrated forgetting but repressors did not demonstrate enhanced inhibition. These findings indicate that repressors demonstrate enhanced forgetting only for self referential negative information.
LanguageEnglish
Pages97-112
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychopathology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Ego
Aptitude
Cues
Personality
Practice (Psychology)
Research
Inhibition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • retrieval-induced forgetting
  • repressive coping
  • inhibition
  • memory

Cite this

@article{b91cc55ed84747f5a621fb04e3b3186c,
title = "Retrieval-induced forgetting in repressors, defensive high anxious, high anxious and low anxious individuals",
abstract = "Previous research has indicated that repressors forget more negative memories which may be due to enhanced inhibitory abilities. To investigate this issue the retrieval practice paradigm was modified for use with neutral and negative personality traits. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants chose neutral and negative traits which were self descriptive and then performed retrieval practice on the neutral traits. Repressors and low anxious participants were found to demonstrate forgetting of negative traits with repressors forgetting more negative traits than low anxious participants. In Experiment 2 the inhibitory account was tested by comparing retrieval practice with re-presentation. Retrieval practice led to forgetting but re-presentation did not. In Experiment 3 forgetting of neutral traits was evident in the repressors and low anxious groups but repressors did not exhibit increased forgetting. In Experiment 4 the cue independent method was used to examine inhibition for neutral material. All groups demonstrated forgetting but repressors did not demonstrate enhanced inhibition. These findings indicate that repressors demonstrate enhanced forgetting only for self referential negative information.",
keywords = "retrieval-induced forgetting, repressive coping, inhibition, memory",
author = "Jo Saunders and Rhian Worth and Smriti Vallath and Marcelle Fernandes",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5127/jep.036213",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "97--112",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychopathology",
issn = "2043-8087",
number = "1",

}

Retrieval-induced forgetting in repressors, defensive high anxious, high anxious and low anxious individuals. / Saunders, Jo; Worth, Rhian; Vallath, Smriti; Fernandes, Marcelle.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, Vol. 5, No. 1, 01.01.2014, p. 97-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Retrieval-induced forgetting in repressors, defensive high anxious, high anxious and low anxious individuals

AU - Saunders, Jo

AU - Worth, Rhian

AU - Vallath, Smriti

AU - Fernandes, Marcelle

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Previous research has indicated that repressors forget more negative memories which may be due to enhanced inhibitory abilities. To investigate this issue the retrieval practice paradigm was modified for use with neutral and negative personality traits. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants chose neutral and negative traits which were self descriptive and then performed retrieval practice on the neutral traits. Repressors and low anxious participants were found to demonstrate forgetting of negative traits with repressors forgetting more negative traits than low anxious participants. In Experiment 2 the inhibitory account was tested by comparing retrieval practice with re-presentation. Retrieval practice led to forgetting but re-presentation did not. In Experiment 3 forgetting of neutral traits was evident in the repressors and low anxious groups but repressors did not exhibit increased forgetting. In Experiment 4 the cue independent method was used to examine inhibition for neutral material. All groups demonstrated forgetting but repressors did not demonstrate enhanced inhibition. These findings indicate that repressors demonstrate enhanced forgetting only for self referential negative information.

AB - Previous research has indicated that repressors forget more negative memories which may be due to enhanced inhibitory abilities. To investigate this issue the retrieval practice paradigm was modified for use with neutral and negative personality traits. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants chose neutral and negative traits which were self descriptive and then performed retrieval practice on the neutral traits. Repressors and low anxious participants were found to demonstrate forgetting of negative traits with repressors forgetting more negative traits than low anxious participants. In Experiment 2 the inhibitory account was tested by comparing retrieval practice with re-presentation. Retrieval practice led to forgetting but re-presentation did not. In Experiment 3 forgetting of neutral traits was evident in the repressors and low anxious groups but repressors did not exhibit increased forgetting. In Experiment 4 the cue independent method was used to examine inhibition for neutral material. All groups demonstrated forgetting but repressors did not demonstrate enhanced inhibition. These findings indicate that repressors demonstrate enhanced forgetting only for self referential negative information.

KW - retrieval-induced forgetting

KW - repressive coping

KW - inhibition

KW - memory

UR - http://jep.textrum.com/index.php?art_id=163#.V9Z4wTWGwSw

U2 - 10.5127/jep.036213

DO - 10.5127/jep.036213

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 97

EP - 112

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychopathology

T2 - Journal of Experimental Psychopathology

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychopathology

SN - 2043-8087

IS - 1

ER -