Responses to walking-speed instructions: implications for health promotion for older adults

Claire Fitzsimons, Carolyn A Greig, David H Saunders, Susan J Lewis, Susan D Shenkin, Cynthia Lavery, Archie Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effect of age on descriptive walking-speed instructions commonly used in health promotion. Participants were 9 young (20–23 years) and 9 older (75–83 years) women. Oxygen uptake and walking speed were measured in response to descriptive walking instructions ("slow," "comfortable," "brisk," and "fast"). Although the older women walked »20% slower in response to all walking instructions and with significantly lower oxygen costs for brisk and fast, the intensity of the exercise represented a much greater percentage of VO2max and showed greater interindividual variation. When asked to walk at a brisk pace, the older women averaged 67% VO2max (SD 20.6), whereas the young women averaged only 45% VO2max (SD 4.5). With older people, brisk might elicit an exercise intensity unnecessarily high for physiological benefit and that might compromise safety and adherence, which emphasizes the need for validation of carefully worded exercise and training guidance for older adults.
LanguageEnglish
Pages172-183
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

Fingerprint

Health Promotion
Exercise
Walking
Oxygen
Safety
Costs and Cost Analysis
Walking Speed

Keywords

  • oxygen consumption
  • self-paced walking
  • exercise intensity
  • walking-speed instructions

Cite this

Fitzsimons, C., Greig, C. A., Saunders, D. H., Lewis, S. J., Shenkin, S. D., Lavery, C., & Young, A. (2005). Responses to walking-speed instructions: implications for health promotion for older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 13(2), 172-183.
Fitzsimons, Claire ; Greig, Carolyn A ; Saunders, David H ; Lewis, Susan J ; Shenkin, Susan D ; Lavery, Cynthia ; Young, Archie. / Responses to walking-speed instructions: implications for health promotion for older adults. In: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2005 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 172-183.
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Fitzsimons, C, Greig, CA, Saunders, DH, Lewis, SJ, Shenkin, SD, Lavery, C & Young, A 2005, 'Responses to walking-speed instructions: implications for health promotion for older adults' Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 172-183.

Responses to walking-speed instructions: implications for health promotion for older adults. / Fitzsimons, Claire; Greig, Carolyn A; Saunders, David H; Lewis, Susan J; Shenkin, Susan D; Lavery, Cynthia; Young, Archie.

In: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, Vol. 13, No. 2, 04.2005, p. 172-183.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Fitzsimons C, Greig CA, Saunders DH, Lewis SJ, Shenkin SD, Lavery C et al. Responses to walking-speed instructions: implications for health promotion for older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2005 Apr;13(2):172-183.