Resolution of the forbidden (J = 0 → 0) excitation puzzle in Mg-like ions

L. Fernández-Menchero, G. Del Zanna, N. R. Badnell

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We investigate the source of the discrepancy between R-matrix and distorted-wave (DW) collision strengths for J − J′ = 0–0 transitions in Mg-like ions, for example 3s21S0–3p21S0, as reported previously. We find it to be due to the neglect of coupling, for example via 3s3p 1P1, as done by most DW codes. We have implemented an option to account for such coupling as a perturbation within the autostructure DW code. This removes the discrepancy of a factor ~10 and ~100 for Fe14 + and S4 +, respectively, for such transitions. The neglect of coupling would have affected (to some degree) the atomic data for a few weak optically forbidden transitions in other isoelectronic sequences if they were calculated with DW codes such as FAC and HULLAC. In addition, we compare the Fe14 + line intensities predicted with the R-matrix collision strengths against observations of solar active regions and flares; they agree well. For Fe14 +, we suggest that the best density diagnostic ratio is 327.0/321.8 Å.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA95
Number of pages5
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Early online date8 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - May 2015


  • atomic data
  • spectroscopic
  • Mg-like ions


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