Repurposing biocatalysts to control radical polymerizations

Kyle J. Rodriguez, Bernadetta Gajewska, Jonas Pollard, Michela M. Pellizzoni, Csaba Fodor, Nico Bruns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)


Reversible-deactivation radical polymerizations (controlled radical polymerizations) have revolutionized and revitalized the field of polymer synthesis. While enzymes and other biologically derived catalysts have long been known to initiate free radical polymerizations, the ability of peroxidases, hemoglobin, laccases, enzyme-mimetics, chlorophylls, heme, red blood cells, bacteria, and other biocatalysts to control or initiate reversible-deactivation radical polymerizations has only been described recently. Here, the scope of biocatalytic atom transfer radical polymerizations (bioATRP), enzyme-initiated reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer radical polymerizations (bioRAFT), biocatalytic organometallic-mediated radical polymerizations (bioOMRP), and biocatalytic reversible complexation mediated polymerizations (bioRCMP) is critically reviewed, and the potential of these reactions for the environmentally friendly synthesis of precision polymers, for the preparation of functional nanostructures, for the modification of surfaces, and for biosensing is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1111-1119
Number of pages9
JournalACS Macro Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2018


  • radical polymerization
  • biocatalytic atom transfer radical polymerizations
  • precision polymers


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