Relationships between suspended mineral concentrations and red-waveband reflectances in moderately turbid shelf seas

Claire Neil, Alex Cunningham, David McKee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper considers the uncertainties that arise in estimating the concentration of suspended minerals by optical remote sensing in waters which contain unknown concentrations of other optically significant constituents. Relationships between suspended mineral concentrations and remote sensing reflectance were calculated by radiative transfer modelling using representative specific inherent optical properties (SIOPs) for phytoplankton (CHL), suspended mineral particles of terrigenous origin (MSSter) and coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) that were derived from measurements at 173 stations in UK shelf seas. When only suspended minerals were present, remote sensing reflectance (R-rs) was related to MSSter, by a family of saturation curves whose shape depended strongly on wavelength. However the addition of CHL and CDOM made this relationship considerably more complex. Polynomial expressions were therefore derived for the maximum and minimum values of MMSter consistent with a given R(rs)667 in the presence of independently varying concentrations of CHL and CDOM. For CHL ranging from 0 to 10 mg m(-3) and CDOM from 0 to 1 m(-1), for example, an R(rs)667 observation 0.01 sr(-1) could corresponded to MSSter values between 7 and 12 g m(-3). The presence of biogenic minerals in the form of diatom frustules. MSSdia, had little influence on the accuracy of MSSter retrieval. The degree of variability in the relationship between MSSter and Rrs667 predicted by the model was confirmed by measurements of radiometric profiles and mineral concentrations at 110 Irish Sea stations. Uncertainties in the remote sensing of MSSter in coastal waters are more appropriately indicated by upper and lower limits set according to the likely ranges of other optically significant constituents than by percentage errors. Moreover, the influence of these constituents should be eliminated before variations in the relationship between MSSter and Rrs are attributed to qualitative changes in mineral particle characteristics.

LanguageEnglish
Pages3719-3730
Number of pages12
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Volume115
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2011

Fingerprint

shelf sea
reflectance
mineral content
dissolved organic matter
Minerals
remote sensing
minerals
Biological materials
mineral
Remote sensing
uncertainty
biogenic mineral
Irish Sea
Bacillariophyceae
optical properties
coastal water
wavelengths
Phytoplankton
Radiative transfer
optical property

Keywords

  • shelf seas
  • suspended mineral particles
  • algorithm derivation
  • inherent optical-properties
  • remote sensing reflectance
  • dissolved organic-matter
  • infrared spectral region
  • Southern North-Sea
  • pcean colour
  • coastal waters
  • Irish Sea
  • light absorption

Cite this

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title = "Relationships between suspended mineral concentrations and red-waveband reflectances in moderately turbid shelf seas",
abstract = "This paper considers the uncertainties that arise in estimating the concentration of suspended minerals by optical remote sensing in waters which contain unknown concentrations of other optically significant constituents. Relationships between suspended mineral concentrations and remote sensing reflectance were calculated by radiative transfer modelling using representative specific inherent optical properties (SIOPs) for phytoplankton (CHL), suspended mineral particles of terrigenous origin (MSSter) and coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) that were derived from measurements at 173 stations in UK shelf seas. When only suspended minerals were present, remote sensing reflectance (R-rs) was related to MSSter, by a family of saturation curves whose shape depended strongly on wavelength. However the addition of CHL and CDOM made this relationship considerably more complex. Polynomial expressions were therefore derived for the maximum and minimum values of MMSter consistent with a given R(rs)667 in the presence of independently varying concentrations of CHL and CDOM. For CHL ranging from 0 to 10 mg m(-3) and CDOM from 0 to 1 m(-1), for example, an R(rs)667 observation 0.01 sr(-1) could corresponded to MSSter values between 7 and 12 g m(-3). The presence of biogenic minerals in the form of diatom frustules. MSSdia, had little influence on the accuracy of MSSter retrieval. The degree of variability in the relationship between MSSter and Rrs667 predicted by the model was confirmed by measurements of radiometric profiles and mineral concentrations at 110 Irish Sea stations. Uncertainties in the remote sensing of MSSter in coastal waters are more appropriately indicated by upper and lower limits set according to the likely ranges of other optically significant constituents than by percentage errors. Moreover, the influence of these constituents should be eliminated before variations in the relationship between MSSter and Rrs are attributed to qualitative changes in mineral particle characteristics.",
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Relationships between suspended mineral concentrations and red-waveband reflectances in moderately turbid shelf seas. / Neil, Claire; Cunningham, Alex; McKee, David.

In: Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 115, No. 12, 15.12.2011, p. 3719-3730.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationships between suspended mineral concentrations and red-waveband reflectances in moderately turbid shelf seas

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AU - McKee, David

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N2 - This paper considers the uncertainties that arise in estimating the concentration of suspended minerals by optical remote sensing in waters which contain unknown concentrations of other optically significant constituents. Relationships between suspended mineral concentrations and remote sensing reflectance were calculated by radiative transfer modelling using representative specific inherent optical properties (SIOPs) for phytoplankton (CHL), suspended mineral particles of terrigenous origin (MSSter) and coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) that were derived from measurements at 173 stations in UK shelf seas. When only suspended minerals were present, remote sensing reflectance (R-rs) was related to MSSter, by a family of saturation curves whose shape depended strongly on wavelength. However the addition of CHL and CDOM made this relationship considerably more complex. Polynomial expressions were therefore derived for the maximum and minimum values of MMSter consistent with a given R(rs)667 in the presence of independently varying concentrations of CHL and CDOM. For CHL ranging from 0 to 10 mg m(-3) and CDOM from 0 to 1 m(-1), for example, an R(rs)667 observation 0.01 sr(-1) could corresponded to MSSter values between 7 and 12 g m(-3). The presence of biogenic minerals in the form of diatom frustules. MSSdia, had little influence on the accuracy of MSSter retrieval. The degree of variability in the relationship between MSSter and Rrs667 predicted by the model was confirmed by measurements of radiometric profiles and mineral concentrations at 110 Irish Sea stations. Uncertainties in the remote sensing of MSSter in coastal waters are more appropriately indicated by upper and lower limits set according to the likely ranges of other optically significant constituents than by percentage errors. Moreover, the influence of these constituents should be eliminated before variations in the relationship between MSSter and Rrs are attributed to qualitative changes in mineral particle characteristics.

AB - This paper considers the uncertainties that arise in estimating the concentration of suspended minerals by optical remote sensing in waters which contain unknown concentrations of other optically significant constituents. Relationships between suspended mineral concentrations and remote sensing reflectance were calculated by radiative transfer modelling using representative specific inherent optical properties (SIOPs) for phytoplankton (CHL), suspended mineral particles of terrigenous origin (MSSter) and coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) that were derived from measurements at 173 stations in UK shelf seas. When only suspended minerals were present, remote sensing reflectance (R-rs) was related to MSSter, by a family of saturation curves whose shape depended strongly on wavelength. However the addition of CHL and CDOM made this relationship considerably more complex. Polynomial expressions were therefore derived for the maximum and minimum values of MMSter consistent with a given R(rs)667 in the presence of independently varying concentrations of CHL and CDOM. For CHL ranging from 0 to 10 mg m(-3) and CDOM from 0 to 1 m(-1), for example, an R(rs)667 observation 0.01 sr(-1) could corresponded to MSSter values between 7 and 12 g m(-3). The presence of biogenic minerals in the form of diatom frustules. MSSdia, had little influence on the accuracy of MSSter retrieval. The degree of variability in the relationship between MSSter and Rrs667 predicted by the model was confirmed by measurements of radiometric profiles and mineral concentrations at 110 Irish Sea stations. Uncertainties in the remote sensing of MSSter in coastal waters are more appropriately indicated by upper and lower limits set according to the likely ranges of other optically significant constituents than by percentage errors. Moreover, the influence of these constituents should be eliminated before variations in the relationship between MSSter and Rrs are attributed to qualitative changes in mineral particle characteristics.

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KW - infrared spectral region

KW - Southern North-Sea

KW - pcean colour

KW - coastal waters

KW - Irish Sea

KW - light absorption

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