Relationships between phytoplankton growth and cell size in surface oceans: interactive effects of temperature, nutrients, and grazing

Bingzhang Chen, Hongbin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compile two data sets from 14C uptake and dilution experiments conducted in surface waters of the global ocean to investigate the relationship between phytoplankton mass-specific growth rate and cell size. After temperature correction, both data sets suggest that this relationship might be described by a unimodal quadratic curve with the modal size (the size corresponding to the maximal growth rate) being 2.8 and 5.4 μm in the 14C and dilution data sets, respectively. Nutrient enrichment does not change the qualitative nature of the relationships, and we conclude that inherently low maximal growth rates of picophytoplankton, not ambient nutrient effects, play the major role in determining the positive relationships over the size range where phytoplankton size is below the modal size. Temperature-corrected phytoplankton grazing mortality rate is positively correlated with phytoplankton average size, but the proportion of daily primary production consumed by microzooplankton is negatively correlated with cell size, suggesting a reduced grazing effect as size increases. The unimodal relationship between phytoplankton growth rate and cell size is consistent with theoretical considerations and might reflect an adaptive response of phytoplankton to varying extents of nutrient limitation and grazing effect in marine systems.

LanguageEnglish
Pages965-972
Number of pages8
JournalLimnology and Oceanography
Volume55
Issue number3
Early online date7 Mar 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2010

Fingerprint

Cell Size
Phytoplankton
Nutrients
Ocean
sea surface
grazing
oceans
phytoplankton
nutrient
nutrients
temperature
cells
dilution
Mortality Rate
specific growth rate
eutrophication
Relationships
effect
primary productivity
surface water

Keywords

  • phytoplankton
  • growth rate
  • grazing mortality rate
  • microzooplankton

Cite this

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abstract = "We compile two data sets from 14C uptake and dilution experiments conducted in surface waters of the global ocean to investigate the relationship between phytoplankton mass-specific growth rate and cell size. After temperature correction, both data sets suggest that this relationship might be described by a unimodal quadratic curve with the modal size (the size corresponding to the maximal growth rate) being 2.8 and 5.4 μm in the 14C and dilution data sets, respectively. Nutrient enrichment does not change the qualitative nature of the relationships, and we conclude that inherently low maximal growth rates of picophytoplankton, not ambient nutrient effects, play the major role in determining the positive relationships over the size range where phytoplankton size is below the modal size. Temperature-corrected phytoplankton grazing mortality rate is positively correlated with phytoplankton average size, but the proportion of daily primary production consumed by microzooplankton is negatively correlated with cell size, suggesting a reduced grazing effect as size increases. The unimodal relationship between phytoplankton growth rate and cell size is consistent with theoretical considerations and might reflect an adaptive response of phytoplankton to varying extents of nutrient limitation and grazing effect in marine systems.",
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Relationships between phytoplankton growth and cell size in surface oceans : interactive effects of temperature, nutrients, and grazing. / Chen, Bingzhang; Liu, Hongbin.

In: Limnology and Oceanography , Vol. 55, No. 3, 30.05.2010, p. 965-972.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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