Reflex effects of induced muscle contraction in normal and spinal cord injured subjects

M. Knikou, B.A. Conway

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The modulation of the soleus H reflex in response to functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the rectus femoris (RF) muscle and its overlying skin was examined in 11 normal adults and 6 patients with a clinically defined complete spinal cord injury (SCI). Stimulation of RF at twice motor threshold (MT) resulted in a long-lasting (>1,000 ms) and significant reduction (50-70% of control) in the size of the soleus H reflex in all normal subjects tested. For five of the SCI subjects, 2MT stimulation of RF induced a 55-60% reduction in the soleus H reflex that was also long-lasting (>160 ms). In the remaining SCI subject, 2MT stimulation resulted in an initial period of significant H-reflex facilitation (0-14 ms) that was followed by a longer-lasting inhibition commencing 60 ms after the cessation of the conditioning stimulation. Decreasing the strength of stimulation to below that required to generate a clear contraction in RF resulted in mixed facilitatory and inhibitory actions that were subject dependent. The changes in H-reflex excitability resulting from FES highlight the potential use of FES in the management of hypertonicity in SCI but also suggest that the central actions of FES need to be considered when FES gait restoration programs are designed.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages374-382
    Number of pages8
    JournalMuscle and Nerve
    Volume26
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Fingerprint

    H-Reflex
    Muscle Contraction
    Electric Stimulation
    Quadriceps Muscle
    Reflex
    Spinal Cord
    Spinal Cord Injuries
    Gait
    Muscles
    Skin

    Keywords

    • functional electrical stimulation
    • H reflex
    • muscle contraction
    • reflex excitability
    • spasticity
    • spinal cord injury

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The modulation of the soleus H reflex in response to functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the rectus femoris (RF) muscle and its overlying skin was examined in 11 normal adults and 6 patients with a clinically defined complete spinal cord injury (SCI). Stimulation of RF at twice motor threshold (MT) resulted in a long-lasting (>1,000 ms) and significant reduction (50-70{\%} of control) in the size of the soleus H reflex in all normal subjects tested. For five of the SCI subjects, 2MT stimulation of RF induced a 55-60{\%} reduction in the soleus H reflex that was also long-lasting (>160 ms). In the remaining SCI subject, 2MT stimulation resulted in an initial period of significant H-reflex facilitation (0-14 ms) that was followed by a longer-lasting inhibition commencing 60 ms after the cessation of the conditioning stimulation. Decreasing the strength of stimulation to below that required to generate a clear contraction in RF resulted in mixed facilitatory and inhibitory actions that were subject dependent. The changes in H-reflex excitability resulting from FES highlight the potential use of FES in the management of hypertonicity in SCI but also suggest that the central actions of FES need to be considered when FES gait restoration programs are designed.",
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    Reflex effects of induced muscle contraction in normal and spinal cord injured subjects. / Knikou, M.; Conway, B.A.

    In: Muscle and Nerve, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2002, p. 374-382.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - The modulation of the soleus H reflex in response to functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the rectus femoris (RF) muscle and its overlying skin was examined in 11 normal adults and 6 patients with a clinically defined complete spinal cord injury (SCI). Stimulation of RF at twice motor threshold (MT) resulted in a long-lasting (>1,000 ms) and significant reduction (50-70% of control) in the size of the soleus H reflex in all normal subjects tested. For five of the SCI subjects, 2MT stimulation of RF induced a 55-60% reduction in the soleus H reflex that was also long-lasting (>160 ms). In the remaining SCI subject, 2MT stimulation resulted in an initial period of significant H-reflex facilitation (0-14 ms) that was followed by a longer-lasting inhibition commencing 60 ms after the cessation of the conditioning stimulation. Decreasing the strength of stimulation to below that required to generate a clear contraction in RF resulted in mixed facilitatory and inhibitory actions that were subject dependent. The changes in H-reflex excitability resulting from FES highlight the potential use of FES in the management of hypertonicity in SCI but also suggest that the central actions of FES need to be considered when FES gait restoration programs are designed.

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