Reflective pondering is associated with executive control for emotional information: an adolescent prospective study

Tracy M. Stewart, Simon C. Hunter, Sinead M. Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and objectives In adult populations, rumination and executive control impairments have been highlighted as vulnerability factors for later depression and rumination as a whole construct has recently been linked to lower executive control. However, research with adolescent populations is limited and little is known developmentally of the association between rumination and executive control. A prospective design was used to investigate the relationship between brooding rumination and reflective pondering and executive control for emotional and non-emotional material in adolescence, whilst controlling for the effects of depression and anxiety symptoms. Methods The present study examined the relationship between the subcomponents of rumination and executive control for emotional and non-emotional information, within an adolescent development. A total of 149 adolescents (13–16 years) were tested at two time points, approximately six months between sessions. At each time point, participants completed a computerised, valenced measure of executive control and measures of brooding rumination, reflective pondering, depression symptoms and anxiety symptoms. Results Findings indicate that reflective pondering was predictive of greater executive control for processing emotional information over time. Contrary to research with adults, brooding rumination was not associated with executive control. Limitations This study, conducted across two time points 6 months apart, awaits confirmation from further research across multiple time points and different intervals. Conclusions Reflective pondering may act as a protective factor against later impairment in executive control.
LanguageEnglish
Article number101486
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Volume65
Early online date21 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 May 2019

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Prospective Studies
Depression
Anxiety
Research
Adolescent Development
Reflective
Emotion
Executive Control
Population Control
Rumination
Automatic Data Processing

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • reflective pondering
  • brooding rumination
  • executive control
  • cognitive control

Cite this

@article{767dced698b94521896919a6fe9a70e6,
title = "Reflective pondering is associated with executive control for emotional information: an adolescent prospective study",
abstract = "Background and objectives In adult populations, rumination and executive control impairments have been highlighted as vulnerability factors for later depression and rumination as a whole construct has recently been linked to lower executive control. However, research with adolescent populations is limited and little is known developmentally of the association between rumination and executive control. A prospective design was used to investigate the relationship between brooding rumination and reflective pondering and executive control for emotional and non-emotional material in adolescence, whilst controlling for the effects of depression and anxiety symptoms. Methods The present study examined the relationship between the subcomponents of rumination and executive control for emotional and non-emotional information, within an adolescent development. A total of 149 adolescents (13–16 years) were tested at two time points, approximately six months between sessions. At each time point, participants completed a computerised, valenced measure of executive control and measures of brooding rumination, reflective pondering, depression symptoms and anxiety symptoms. Results Findings indicate that reflective pondering was predictive of greater executive control for processing emotional information over time. Contrary to research with adults, brooding rumination was not associated with executive control. Limitations This study, conducted across two time points 6 months apart, awaits confirmation from further research across multiple time points and different intervals. Conclusions Reflective pondering may act as a protective factor against later impairment in executive control.",
keywords = "adolescence, reflective pondering, brooding rumination, executive control, cognitive control",
author = "Stewart, {Tracy M.} and Hunter, {Simon C.} and Rhodes, {Sinead M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101486",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
journal = "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry",
issn = "0005-7916",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reflective pondering is associated with executive control for emotional information

T2 - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

AU - Stewart, Tracy M.

AU - Hunter, Simon C.

AU - Rhodes, Sinead M.

PY - 2019/5/21

Y1 - 2019/5/21

N2 - Background and objectives In adult populations, rumination and executive control impairments have been highlighted as vulnerability factors for later depression and rumination as a whole construct has recently been linked to lower executive control. However, research with adolescent populations is limited and little is known developmentally of the association between rumination and executive control. A prospective design was used to investigate the relationship between brooding rumination and reflective pondering and executive control for emotional and non-emotional material in adolescence, whilst controlling for the effects of depression and anxiety symptoms. Methods The present study examined the relationship between the subcomponents of rumination and executive control for emotional and non-emotional information, within an adolescent development. A total of 149 adolescents (13–16 years) were tested at two time points, approximately six months between sessions. At each time point, participants completed a computerised, valenced measure of executive control and measures of brooding rumination, reflective pondering, depression symptoms and anxiety symptoms. Results Findings indicate that reflective pondering was predictive of greater executive control for processing emotional information over time. Contrary to research with adults, brooding rumination was not associated with executive control. Limitations This study, conducted across two time points 6 months apart, awaits confirmation from further research across multiple time points and different intervals. Conclusions Reflective pondering may act as a protective factor against later impairment in executive control.

AB - Background and objectives In adult populations, rumination and executive control impairments have been highlighted as vulnerability factors for later depression and rumination as a whole construct has recently been linked to lower executive control. However, research with adolescent populations is limited and little is known developmentally of the association between rumination and executive control. A prospective design was used to investigate the relationship between brooding rumination and reflective pondering and executive control for emotional and non-emotional material in adolescence, whilst controlling for the effects of depression and anxiety symptoms. Methods The present study examined the relationship between the subcomponents of rumination and executive control for emotional and non-emotional information, within an adolescent development. A total of 149 adolescents (13–16 years) were tested at two time points, approximately six months between sessions. At each time point, participants completed a computerised, valenced measure of executive control and measures of brooding rumination, reflective pondering, depression symptoms and anxiety symptoms. Results Findings indicate that reflective pondering was predictive of greater executive control for processing emotional information over time. Contrary to research with adults, brooding rumination was not associated with executive control. Limitations This study, conducted across two time points 6 months apart, awaits confirmation from further research across multiple time points and different intervals. Conclusions Reflective pondering may act as a protective factor against later impairment in executive control.

KW - adolescence

KW - reflective pondering

KW - brooding rumination

KW - executive control

KW - cognitive control

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101486

DO - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101486

M3 - Article

VL - 65

JO - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

SN - 0005-7916

M1 - 101486

ER -