Reed canary grass: from production to end use

Elaine Jensen, Michael Casler, Kerry Farrar, John Finnan, Richard Lord, Celia Palmborg, Iain Donnison

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The perennial reed canary grass (RCG) offers considerable potential as a bioenergy
crop, including on marginal land. The knowledge that has been collected on the crop
so far at a world level, covering the whole production chain, is presented in Chapter 5.
It can be harvested for combustion, anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis, gasification, and
cellulosic ethanol production, and therefore also has potential for bioplastic production.
It is a widely adapted temperate grass that is broadly tolerant of many stresses
including flooding, drought, freezing, and grazing. RCG is found in a wide array of
habitats, including wetlands, riparian zones, stream banks, irrigation channels, roadsides,
forest margins, pastures, and disturbed areas, and has shown potential in diverse
phytoremediation studies. RCG has a number of attributes that combine to make it
a unique crop with an important role to play in the mix of energy crops grown in
multiple geographies. This chapter reviews the many uses of RCG in the developing
bioeconomy, highlighting the potential of this native European and North American
crop in the future delivery of sustainable fossil fuel alternatives.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationPerennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts
Subtitle of host publicationProduction, Uses, Sustainability and Markets for Giant Reed, Miscanthus, Switchgrass, Reed Canary Grass and Bamboo
EditorsEfthymia Alexopoulou
Place of PublicationCambridge, Massachusetts
Pages153-174
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Phalaris
Phalaris arundinacea
Crops
Roadsides
Anaerobic digestion
Drought
Wetlands
Fossil Fuels
Fossil fuels
Gasification
Irrigation
Freezing
irrigation canals
gasification
Geography
anaerobic digestion
Droughts
riparian areas
energy crops
pyrolysis

Keywords

  • reed canary grass
  • production
  • phalaris arundinacea L.

Cite this

Jensen, E., Casler, M., Farrar, K., Finnan, J., Lord, R., Palmborg, C., & Donnison, I. (2018). Reed canary grass: from production to end use. In E. Alexopoulou (Ed.), Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Production, Uses, Sustainability and Markets for Giant Reed, Miscanthus, Switchgrass, Reed Canary Grass and Bamboo (pp. 153-174). Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Jensen, Elaine ; Casler, Michael ; Farrar, Kerry ; Finnan, John ; Lord, Richard ; Palmborg, Celia ; Donnison, Iain. / Reed canary grass : from production to end use. Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Production, Uses, Sustainability and Markets for Giant Reed, Miscanthus, Switchgrass, Reed Canary Grass and Bamboo. editor / Efthymia Alexopoulou. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2018. pp. 153-174
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Jensen, E, Casler, M, Farrar, K, Finnan, J, Lord, R, Palmborg, C & Donnison, I 2018, Reed canary grass: from production to end use. in E Alexopoulou (ed.), Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Production, Uses, Sustainability and Markets for Giant Reed, Miscanthus, Switchgrass, Reed Canary Grass and Bamboo. Cambridge, Massachusetts, pp. 153-174.

Reed canary grass : from production to end use. / Jensen, Elaine; Casler, Michael; Farrar, Kerry; Finnan, John; Lord, Richard; Palmborg, Celia; Donnison, Iain.

Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Production, Uses, Sustainability and Markets for Giant Reed, Miscanthus, Switchgrass, Reed Canary Grass and Bamboo. ed. / Efthymia Alexopoulou. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2018. p. 153-174.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AU - Finnan, John

AU - Lord, Richard

AU - Palmborg, Celia

AU - Donnison, Iain

PY - 2018/1/4

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N2 - The perennial reed canary grass (RCG) offers considerable potential as a bioenergycrop, including on marginal land. The knowledge that has been collected on the cropso far at a world level, covering the whole production chain, is presented in Chapter 5.It can be harvested for combustion, anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis, gasification, andcellulosic ethanol production, and therefore also has potential for bioplastic production.It is a widely adapted temperate grass that is broadly tolerant of many stressesincluding flooding, drought, freezing, and grazing. RCG is found in a wide array ofhabitats, including wetlands, riparian zones, stream banks, irrigation channels, roadsides,forest margins, pastures, and disturbed areas, and has shown potential in diversephytoremediation studies. RCG has a number of attributes that combine to make ita unique crop with an important role to play in the mix of energy crops grown inmultiple geographies. This chapter reviews the many uses of RCG in the developingbioeconomy, highlighting the potential of this native European and North Americancrop in the future delivery of sustainable fossil fuel alternatives.

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Jensen E, Casler M, Farrar K, Finnan J, Lord R, Palmborg C et al. Reed canary grass: from production to end use. In Alexopoulou E, editor, Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Production, Uses, Sustainability and Markets for Giant Reed, Miscanthus, Switchgrass, Reed Canary Grass and Bamboo. Cambridge, Massachusetts. 2018. p. 153-174