Reduction of nitrobenzene by excess organic electron donor, 12, affords diphenylhydrazine in a reaction where azobenzene oxide and azobenzene are likely intermediates. No cleavage of the N-N σ-bond is seen under photoactivation conditions, whereas traces are seen under thermal activation. Hydrazone derivatives were prepared to explore the cleavage of N-N σ-bonds; the results show that a low-lying LUMO assists the transition state for accepting an electron, and the stabilisation that the potential fragments from N-N bond cleavage afford to the fragments is important in determining whether cleavage is observed.
- electron transfer
- super electron donor