A study demonstrated the reducing of protein corona (PC) formation and enhancing colloidal stability of gold nanoparticles (Au NP) by capping with silica monolayers. Au NP surface was needed to achieve silica monolayer formation. In a first attempt to have a high density ligand coverage around NS-1, an excess of 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS) was directly added to a Au NP hydrosol, but this resulted in immediate aggregation. The resulting trimethoxysilane moiety covering the surface of NS-3 was subsequently hydrolyzed by addition of 5 mM NaOH in a 2:1 methanol/water mixture, yielding a polymeric monolayer.
- metal nanoparticales