Reducing end-of-life waste: repair, recondition, remanufacture or recycle?

A. King, W.L. Ijomah, C.A. McMahon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Between 1980 and 1997, municipal waste in OECD countries increased by around 40%. This paper outlines the very real negative effects of this increase and then introduces the two main European Union policies that have been established to address this problem: a landfill directive and legislation on extended producer responsibility (E P R). The paper then describes and compares the four alternative strategies to reducing end-of-life waste within the context of extended producer responsibility: namely repairing, reconditioning, remanufacturing or recycling. It also introduces a more robust definition of remanufacturing, validated by earlier research, which differentiates it from repair and reconditioning. From a consideration of the different factors involved, it concludes that remanufacturing may well be the best strategy. This is because it enables the embodied energy of virgin production to be maintained, preserves the intrinsic 'added value' of the product for the manufacturer and enables the resultant products to be sold 'as new' with updated features if necessary.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, September 28-October 2, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah [CD-ROM]
VolumeCD-ROM
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004

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Repair
Land fill
Recycling
European Union

Keywords

  • waste management
  • recycling
  • design engineering

Cite this

King, A., Ijomah, W. L., & McMahon, C. A. (2004). Reducing end-of-life waste: repair, recondition, remanufacture or recycle? In Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, September 28-October 2, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah [CD-ROM] (Vol. CD-ROM)
King, A. ; Ijomah, W.L. ; McMahon, C.A. / Reducing end-of-life waste: repair, recondition, remanufacture or recycle?. Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, September 28-October 2, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah [CD-ROM]. Vol. CD-ROM 2004.
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King, A, Ijomah, WL & McMahon, CA 2004, Reducing end-of-life waste: repair, recondition, remanufacture or recycle? in Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, September 28-October 2, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah [CD-ROM]. vol. CD-ROM.

Reducing end-of-life waste: repair, recondition, remanufacture or recycle? / King, A.; Ijomah, W.L.; McMahon, C.A.

Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, September 28-October 2, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah [CD-ROM]. Vol. CD-ROM 2004.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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AB - Between 1980 and 1997, municipal waste in OECD countries increased by around 40%. This paper outlines the very real negative effects of this increase and then introduces the two main European Union policies that have been established to address this problem: a landfill directive and legislation on extended producer responsibility (E P R). The paper then describes and compares the four alternative strategies to reducing end-of-life waste within the context of extended producer responsibility: namely repairing, reconditioning, remanufacturing or recycling. It also introduces a more robust definition of remanufacturing, validated by earlier research, which differentiates it from repair and reconditioning. From a consideration of the different factors involved, it concludes that remanufacturing may well be the best strategy. This is because it enables the embodied energy of virgin production to be maintained, preserves the intrinsic 'added value' of the product for the manufacturer and enables the resultant products to be sold 'as new' with updated features if necessary.

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KW - recycling

KW - design engineering

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BT - Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, September 28-October 2, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah [CD-ROM]

ER -

King A, Ijomah WL, McMahon CA. Reducing end-of-life waste: repair, recondition, remanufacture or recycle? In Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, September 28-October 2, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah [CD-ROM]. Vol. CD-ROM. 2004