Reconfiguring and ramping-up ventilator production in the face of COVID-19: can robots help?

Ali Ahmad Malik, Tariq Masood, Rehana Kousar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


As the COVID-19 pandemic expands, the shortening of medical equipment is swelling. A key piece of equipment getting far-out attention has been ventilators. The difference between supply and demand is substantial to be handled with normal production techniques, especially under social distancing measures in place. The study explores the rationale of human-robot teams to ramp up production using advantages of both the ease of integration and maintaining social distancing. The paper presents a model for faster integration of collaborative robots and design guidelines for workstations. The scenario is evaluated for an open source ventilator through continuous human-robot simulation and amplification of results in a discrete event simulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-875
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Systems
Early online date14 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • COVID-19
  • pandemic
  • ventilator
  • production
  • ramp-up
  • reconfigure
  • cobot
  • collaborative robot
  • robot
  • social distancing
  • workstation design
  • guidelines
  • simulation


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