Recent progress in the development of anode materials for solid oxide fuel cells

Peter I. Cowin, Christophe T. G. Petit, Rong Lan, John T. S. Irvine, Shanwen Tao

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

253 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The field of research into solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode materials has been rapidly moving forward. In the four years since the last in-depth review significant advancements have been made in the reduction of the operating temperature and improvement of the performance of SOFCs. This progress report examines the developments in the field and looks to draw conclusions and inspiration from this research. A brief introduction is given to the field, followed by an overview of the principal previous materials. A detailed analysis of the developments of the last 4 years is given using a selection of the available literature, concentrating on metal-fluorite cermets and perovskite-based materials. This is followed by a consideration of alternate fuels for use in SOFCs and their associated problems and a short discussion on the effect of synthesis method on anode performance. The concluding remarks compile the significant developments in the field along with a consideration of the promise of future research. The recent progress in the development of anode materials for SOFCs based on oxygen ion conducting electrolytes is reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-332
Number of pages19
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume1
Issue number3
Early online date15 Apr 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • doped strontium-titanate
  • sulfur-tolerant anode
  • yttria-stabilized zirconia
  • bronze type phases
  • A-site deficiency
  • sofc anodes
  • electrical-properties
  • cermet anodes
  • coal syngas
  • it-sofcs

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