The ability to develop new and sensitive methods of biomolecule detection is crucial to the advancement of pre-clinical disease diagnosis and effective patient specific treatment. Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is an optical spectroscopy amenable to this goal, as it is capable of extremely sensitive biomolecule detection and multiplexed analysis. This perspective highlights where SERS has been successfully used to detect target biomolecules, specifically DNA and proteins, and where in vivo analysis has been successfully utilised. The future of SERS development is discussed and emphasis is placed on the steps required to transport this novel technique from the research laboratory to a clinical setting for medical diagnostics.
- biomolecule detection
- Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering
- sensitive biomolecule detection