This paper proposes a tool for multi-criteria decision aid to be referred to as a reasoning map. It is motivated by a desire to provide an integrated approach to problem structuring and evaluation, and in particular, to make the transition between these two processes a natural and seamless progression. The approach has two phases. In the first one, the building of a reasoning map supports problem structuring, capturing a decision maker's reasoning as a network of means and ends concepts. In the second phase, this map is enhanced, employing a user-defined qualitative scale to measure both performances of decision options and strengths of influence for each means-end link. This latter phase supports the decision maker in evaluating the positive and negative impacts of an action through synthesis of the qualitative information. A case study, which investigates the use of the method in practice, is also presented.
- reasoning maps
- decision aids
- multi-criteria evaluation
Ackermann, F., Belton, V., Ensslin, L., & Montibeller, G. (2007). Reasoning maps for decision aid: an integrated approach for problem-structuring and multi-criteria evaluation. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 59(5), 575-589. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jors.2602347