Real-time super-resolution mapping of locally anisotropic grain orientations for ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation of crystalline material

Jonathan Singh, Katherine Margaret Mary Tant, Andrew Curtis, Anthony Mulholland

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Abstract

Estimating the spatially varying microstructures of heterogeneous and locally anisotropic media non-destructively is necessary for the accurate detection of flaws and reliable monitoring of manufacturing processes. Conventional algorithms used for solving this inverse problem come with significant computational cost, particularly in the case of high-dimensional, nonlinear tomographic problems, and are thus not suitable for near-real-time applications. In this paper, for the first time, we propose a framework which uses deep neural networks (DNNs) with full aperture, pitch-catch and pulse-echo transducer configurations, to reconstruct material maps of crystallographic orientation. We also present the first application of generative adversarial networks (GANs) to achieve super-resolution of ultrasonic tomographic images, providing a factor-four increase in image resolution and up to a 50% increase in structural similarity. The importance of including appropriate prior knowledge in the GAN training data set to increase inversion accuracy is demonstrated: known information about the material's structure should be represented in the training data. We show that after a computationally expensive training process, the DNNs and GANs can be used in less than 1 second (0.9 s on a standard desktop computer) to provide a high-resolution map of the material's grain orientations, addressing the challenge of significant computational cost faced by conventional tomography algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalNeural Computing and Applications
Early online date20 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • deep neural networks
  • generative adversarial networks
  • ultrasound tomography
  • anisotropy

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