Reactive element effects on the ionic transport processes in Cr2O3 scales

H. Liu, M.M. Stack, S.B. Lyon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study of the ionic and electronic partial conductivity of Cr2O3 scales selectively grown on Ni-20%Cr alloy with and without yttria additions in hydrogen water vapour at 900 degrees C, was carried out by the asymmetry polarisation technique. The results revealed that there were two main regions for the temperature dependence of conductivity in the range 300-900 degrees C. Above 700 degrees C, the Cr2O3 scale was an intrinsic electronic conductor with a corresponding activation energy of 1.7 eV. Below 700 degrees C, the Cr2O3 scale was a mixed ionic and electronic conductor. The activation energy was 0.6eV for electronic conductivity and 0.3 eV for ionic conductivity. The ionic transference number decreased as the temperature or applied voltage increased. The data strongly suggest that the presence of the reactive element in the scale reduces the concentration of mobile species, thus lowering the ionic transport number.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-257
Number of pages11
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume109
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1998

Fingerprint

Activation energy
Yttrium oxide
Steam
Ionic conductivity
electronics
conductivity
Water vapor
Hydrogen
conductors
Polarization
activation energy
Temperature
Electric potential
ion currents
water vapor
asymmetry
temperature dependence
electric potential
polarization
hydrogen

Keywords

  • chromia scale
  • defects structure
  • ionic conductivity
  • ionic transport number
  • reactive elements effects
  • high temperature oxidation
  • electrical conductivity
  • defect structures
  • chromium

Cite this

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Reactive element effects on the ionic transport processes in Cr2O3 scales. / Liu, H.; Stack, M.M.; Lyon, S.B.

In: Solid State Ionics , Vol. 109, No. 3-4, 06.1998, p. 247-257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactive element effects on the ionic transport processes in Cr2O3 scales

AU - Liu, H.

AU - Stack, M.M.

AU - Lyon, S.B.

PY - 1998/6

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N2 - A study of the ionic and electronic partial conductivity of Cr2O3 scales selectively grown on Ni-20%Cr alloy with and without yttria additions in hydrogen water vapour at 900 degrees C, was carried out by the asymmetry polarisation technique. The results revealed that there were two main regions for the temperature dependence of conductivity in the range 300-900 degrees C. Above 700 degrees C, the Cr2O3 scale was an intrinsic electronic conductor with a corresponding activation energy of 1.7 eV. Below 700 degrees C, the Cr2O3 scale was a mixed ionic and electronic conductor. The activation energy was 0.6eV for electronic conductivity and 0.3 eV for ionic conductivity. The ionic transference number decreased as the temperature or applied voltage increased. The data strongly suggest that the presence of the reactive element in the scale reduces the concentration of mobile species, thus lowering the ionic transport number.

AB - A study of the ionic and electronic partial conductivity of Cr2O3 scales selectively grown on Ni-20%Cr alloy with and without yttria additions in hydrogen water vapour at 900 degrees C, was carried out by the asymmetry polarisation technique. The results revealed that there were two main regions for the temperature dependence of conductivity in the range 300-900 degrees C. Above 700 degrees C, the Cr2O3 scale was an intrinsic electronic conductor with a corresponding activation energy of 1.7 eV. Below 700 degrees C, the Cr2O3 scale was a mixed ionic and electronic conductor. The activation energy was 0.6eV for electronic conductivity and 0.3 eV for ionic conductivity. The ionic transference number decreased as the temperature or applied voltage increased. The data strongly suggest that the presence of the reactive element in the scale reduces the concentration of mobile species, thus lowering the ionic transport number.

KW - chromia scale

KW - defects structure

KW - ionic conductivity

KW - ionic transport number

KW - reactive elements effects

KW - high temperature oxidation

KW - electrical conductivity

KW - defect structures

KW - chromium

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DO - 10.1016/S0167-2738(98)00101-5

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JF - Solid State Ionics

SN - 0167-2738

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ER -