Chalcopyrite solar cells are reported to have a high tolerance to irradiation by high energy electrons or ions, but the origin of this is not well understood. This work studies the evolution of damage in Ar + -bombarded CuInSe 2 single crystal using Rutherford backscattering/channeling analysis. Ar + ions of 30 keV were implanted with doses in the range from 10 12 to 3 × 10 16 cm -2 at room temperature. Implantation was found to create two layers of damage: (1) on the surface, caused by preferential sputtering of Se and Cu atoms; (2) at the layer of implanted Ar, possibly consisting of stacking faults and dislocation loops. The damage in the second layer was estimated to be less than 2% of the theoretical prediction suggesting efficient healing of primary implantation defects.
- radiation damage
- solar cells
- Rutherford backscattering
Yakushev, M. V., Volkov, V. A., Mursakulov, N. N., Sabzaliyeva, C. E., & Martin, R. W. (2016). RBS-channeling study of radiation damage in Ar+ implanted CuInSe2 crystals. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A, 34(5), . https://doi.org/10.1116/1.4961882