Random forest models to predict aqueous solubility

D. S. Palmer, N. M. O'Boyle, R. C. Glen, J. B. Mitchell

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228 Citations (Scopus)


Random Forest regression (RF), Partial-Least-Squares (PLS) regression, Support Vector Machines (SVM), and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) were used to develop QSPR models for the prediction of aqueous solubility, based on experimental data for 988 organic molecules. The Random Forest regression model predicted aqueous solubility more accurately than those created by PLS, SVM, and ANN and offered methods for automatic descriptor selection, an assessment of descriptor importance, and an in-parallel measure of predictive ability, all of which serve to recommend its use. The prediction of log molar solubility for an external test set of 330 molecules that are solid at 25 degrees C gave an r2 = 0.89 and RMSE = 0.69 log S units. For a standard data set selected from the literature, the model performed well with respect to other documented methods. Finally, the diversity of the training and test sets are compared to the chemical space occupied by molecules in the MDL drug data report, on the basis of molecular descriptors selected by the regression analysis.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • aqueous solubility
  • forest models
  • random forest regression

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