Raising the temperature of the UK heat pump market

learning lessons from Finland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heat pumps play a central role in decarbonising the UK's buildings sector as part of the Committee on Climate Change's (CCC) updated abatement scenario for meeting the UK's fourth carbon budget. However, the UK has one of the least developed heat pump markets in Europe and renewable heat output from heat pumps will need to increase by a factor of 50 over the next 15 years to be in line with the scenario. Therefore, this paper explores what lessons the UK might learn from Finland to achieve this aim considering that its current level of heat pump penetration is comparable with that outlined in the CCC scenario for 2030. Despite the two countries' characteristic differences we argue they share sufficient similarities for the UK to usefully draw some policy-based lessons from Finland including: stimulating new-build construction and renovation of existing stock; incorporating renewable heat solutions in building energy performance standards; and bringing the cost of heat pumps in-line with gas fired heating via a combination of subsidies, taxes and energy RD&D. Finally, preliminary efforts to grow the heat pump market could usefully focus on properties unconnected to the gas-grid, considering these are typically heated by relatively expensive oil or electric heating technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-375
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume85
Early online date20 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

learning
Pumps
market
temperature
Temperature
Climate change
heating
climate change
carbon budget
Electric heating
gas
energy
heat pump
Hot Temperature
penetration
Taxation
Gases
oil
Heating
cost

Keywords

  • Finland
  • heat pumps
  • UK

Cite this

@article{9a50efcc4e02489882edc85d8a1f2ec7,
title = "Raising the temperature of the UK heat pump market: learning lessons from Finland",
abstract = "Heat pumps play a central role in decarbonising the UK's buildings sector as part of the Committee on Climate Change's (CCC) updated abatement scenario for meeting the UK's fourth carbon budget. However, the UK has one of the least developed heat pump markets in Europe and renewable heat output from heat pumps will need to increase by a factor of 50 over the next 15 years to be in line with the scenario. Therefore, this paper explores what lessons the UK might learn from Finland to achieve this aim considering that its current level of heat pump penetration is comparable with that outlined in the CCC scenario for 2030. Despite the two countries' characteristic differences we argue they share sufficient similarities for the UK to usefully draw some policy-based lessons from Finland including: stimulating new-build construction and renovation of existing stock; incorporating renewable heat solutions in building energy performance standards; and bringing the cost of heat pumps in-line with gas fired heating via a combination of subsidies, taxes and energy RD&D. Finally, preliminary efforts to grow the heat pump market could usefully focus on properties unconnected to the gas-grid, considering these are typically heated by relatively expensive oil or electric heating technologies.",
keywords = "Finland, heat pumps, UK",
author = "Hannon, {Matthew J.}",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.enpol.2015.06.016",
language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "369--375",
journal = "Energy Policy",
issn = "0301-4215",

}

Raising the temperature of the UK heat pump market : learning lessons from Finland. / Hannon, Matthew J.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 85, 01.10.2015, p. 369-375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Raising the temperature of the UK heat pump market

T2 - learning lessons from Finland

AU - Hannon, Matthew J.

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - Heat pumps play a central role in decarbonising the UK's buildings sector as part of the Committee on Climate Change's (CCC) updated abatement scenario for meeting the UK's fourth carbon budget. However, the UK has one of the least developed heat pump markets in Europe and renewable heat output from heat pumps will need to increase by a factor of 50 over the next 15 years to be in line with the scenario. Therefore, this paper explores what lessons the UK might learn from Finland to achieve this aim considering that its current level of heat pump penetration is comparable with that outlined in the CCC scenario for 2030. Despite the two countries' characteristic differences we argue they share sufficient similarities for the UK to usefully draw some policy-based lessons from Finland including: stimulating new-build construction and renovation of existing stock; incorporating renewable heat solutions in building energy performance standards; and bringing the cost of heat pumps in-line with gas fired heating via a combination of subsidies, taxes and energy RD&D. Finally, preliminary efforts to grow the heat pump market could usefully focus on properties unconnected to the gas-grid, considering these are typically heated by relatively expensive oil or electric heating technologies.

AB - Heat pumps play a central role in decarbonising the UK's buildings sector as part of the Committee on Climate Change's (CCC) updated abatement scenario for meeting the UK's fourth carbon budget. However, the UK has one of the least developed heat pump markets in Europe and renewable heat output from heat pumps will need to increase by a factor of 50 over the next 15 years to be in line with the scenario. Therefore, this paper explores what lessons the UK might learn from Finland to achieve this aim considering that its current level of heat pump penetration is comparable with that outlined in the CCC scenario for 2030. Despite the two countries' characteristic differences we argue they share sufficient similarities for the UK to usefully draw some policy-based lessons from Finland including: stimulating new-build construction and renovation of existing stock; incorporating renewable heat solutions in building energy performance standards; and bringing the cost of heat pumps in-line with gas fired heating via a combination of subsidies, taxes and energy RD&D. Finally, preliminary efforts to grow the heat pump market could usefully focus on properties unconnected to the gas-grid, considering these are typically heated by relatively expensive oil or electric heating technologies.

KW - Finland

KW - heat pumps

KW - UK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84940036444&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421515002347

U2 - 10.1016/j.enpol.2015.06.016

DO - 10.1016/j.enpol.2015.06.016

M3 - Article

VL - 85

SP - 369

EP - 375

JO - Energy Policy

JF - Energy Policy

SN - 0301-4215

ER -