Radiative and non-radiative decays from the excited state of Ti3+ ions in oxide crystals

M. Yamaga, Y. Gao, F. Rasheed, K. P. O'Donnell, B. Henderson, B. Cockayne

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26 Citations (Scopus)


The fluorescence spectra of Ti3+ in Y3Al5O12 (YAG), Al2O3 (sapphire), YAlO3 (YAP) observed at 10 K are composed of zero-phonon lines accompanied by the broad vibronic sidebands. The temperature dependence of the fluorescence lifetime and of the total intensity of the broadband measured in YAG and Al2O3 indicate that the radiative decay times from the excited states are nearly constant in the range 10-300 K. This demonstrates that the broadband radiative emissions in Ti3+:YAG and Ti3+:Al2O3 are due to magnetic dipole transitions or to electric dipole transitions induced by static odd-parity distortion, respectively. The decrease of the fluorescence lifetime with increasing temperature in Ti3+:YAG and Ti3+:Al2O3 is due to non-radiative decay from the excited state which occurs through phonon-assisted tunnelling between the excited and ground states. The radiative decay of Ti3+:YAP is enhanced with increasing temperature, indicating that radiative decay rate contains a term associated with odd-parity phonons. Nevertheless, a non-radiative decay rate of 3.6 × 104 s-1 observed in the temperature range 10-300 K is due to excited state absorption, which depopulates the excited state and quenches the fluorescence at the laser wavelength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Physics B Photophysics and Laser Chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 1990


  • oxide crystals
  • non-radiative decay
  • vibronic sidebands


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