Radiation by energetic electrons accelerated by wave-particle interaction: a plausible mechanism for x-ray emission from the venus mantle

R. Bingham, K.B. Quest, V.D. Shapiro, B.J. Kellett

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In this paper it is argued that recently observed x-ray emission from non-magnetic planets (Dennerl et al., 2002) can be explained as a combination of bremsstrahlung and line K-shell radiation produced by the interaction of energetic electrons with the neutral atmosphere. Numerical simulations show that the modified two stream instability can generate energetic 100 eV electrons that are observed and these electrons can produce x-ray emission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1829-1836
Number of pages8
JournalAnnales Geophysicae
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2008


  • interplanetary physics
  • plasma waves and turbulence
  • solar physics
  • astrophysics
  • and astronomy
  • x rays and gamma rays
  • space plasma physics
  • wave-particle interactions

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