Quantum and classical effects in non-linear optical patterns

M. Brambilla*, F. Castelli, A. Gatti, L. A. Lugiato, G. L. Oppo, G. Grynberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We discuss spontaneous pattern formation in the radiation field emitted by a degenerate optical parametric oscillator and illustrate various quantum effects in these patterns. Above threshold, we find the presence of perfect photonic correlations in the spatial structure, and we describe a phenomenon that we call «quantum image». We show that these effects are related to the wave and particle aspects of the radiation. Below threshold, we study the critical behaviour of the spatial correlation function of the electric field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-647
Number of pages13
JournalIl Nuovo Cimento B
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 1995


  • parametric oscillation
  • nonclassical photon states (including antibunehed, squeezed, sub-Poissonian)
  • harmonic generation
  • parametric amplification
  • conference proceedings
  • frequency conversion
  • non-linear optical patterns
  • quantum image
  • spatial correlation function


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