Quantitative risk analysis for road tunnels complying with EU regulations

Konstantinos A. Kirytopoulos, Athanasios A. Rentizelas, Ilias P. Tatsiopoulos, George Papadopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tunnels have improved the connection of regions within the European Commission (EC) and have been used lately as a catalyst for economic development of previously isolated regions. However, the increasing number of these important infrastructures is raising upfront an endogenous problem, which is the severity of accidents that may occur. These risks have much greater impact when heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) or dangerous goods (DGs) are involved in the accident. As a result, the EC launched the EC Directive 2004/54/EC. In order to achieve a minimum acceptable level of safety, the EC Directive 2004/54/EC suggests, apart from the measures imposed based on tunnel characteristics, the implementation of a risk analysis in cases such as the opening of the road tunnel to DGs. The most widely accepted method for such quantitative risk analysis (QRA) is the OECD/PIARC QRA Model. This research exploits the QRA Model to perform a QRA for five illustrative cases in order to explore the sufficiency of the minimum tunnel safety measures imposed by the Directive when transportation of HGVs and DGs is allowed through the tunnel. The research concludes that, at least for tunnels with marginal values of the EC Directive classes for length and traffic, the risk exposure (F/N curves) lays over the acceptable safety limits of ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) models. Thus, the manager of the tunnel should take seriously into account the provision of the Directive for further risk analysis and consider more safety measures as well as take into account the risk associated with the alternative routes.

LanguageEnglish
Article number926787453
Pages1027-1041
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Risk Research
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Risk analysis
Tunnels
European Commission
EU
road
regulation
model analysis
Accidents
accident
Roads
Managers
OECD
Economics
Catalysts
traffic
manager
infrastructure

Keywords

  • dangerous goods
  • ALARP
  • safety
  • quantitative analysis
  • risk analysis
  • road tunnel

Cite this

Kirytopoulos, Konstantinos A. ; Rentizelas, Athanasios A. ; Tatsiopoulos, Ilias P. ; Papadopoulos, George. / Quantitative risk analysis for road tunnels complying with EU regulations. In: Journal of Risk Research. 2010 ; Vol. 13, No. 8. pp. 1027-1041.
@article{f5628e8900854a6786a041881c95d86b,
title = "Quantitative risk analysis for road tunnels complying with EU regulations",
abstract = "Tunnels have improved the connection of regions within the European Commission (EC) and have been used lately as a catalyst for economic development of previously isolated regions. However, the increasing number of these important infrastructures is raising upfront an endogenous problem, which is the severity of accidents that may occur. These risks have much greater impact when heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) or dangerous goods (DGs) are involved in the accident. As a result, the EC launched the EC Directive 2004/54/EC. In order to achieve a minimum acceptable level of safety, the EC Directive 2004/54/EC suggests, apart from the measures imposed based on tunnel characteristics, the implementation of a risk analysis in cases such as the opening of the road tunnel to DGs. The most widely accepted method for such quantitative risk analysis (QRA) is the OECD/PIARC QRA Model. This research exploits the QRA Model to perform a QRA for five illustrative cases in order to explore the sufficiency of the minimum tunnel safety measures imposed by the Directive when transportation of HGVs and DGs is allowed through the tunnel. The research concludes that, at least for tunnels with marginal values of the EC Directive classes for length and traffic, the risk exposure (F/N curves) lays over the acceptable safety limits of ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) models. Thus, the manager of the tunnel should take seriously into account the provision of the Directive for further risk analysis and consider more safety measures as well as take into account the risk associated with the alternative routes.",
keywords = "dangerous goods, ALARP, safety, quantitative analysis, risk analysis, road tunnel",
author = "Kirytopoulos, {Konstantinos A.} and Rentizelas, {Athanasios A.} and Tatsiopoulos, {Ilias P.} and George Papadopoulos",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1080/13669877.2010.494331",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "1027--1041",
journal = "Journal of Risk Research",
issn = "1366-9877",
number = "8",

}

Kirytopoulos, KA, Rentizelas, AA, Tatsiopoulos, IP & Papadopoulos, G 2010, 'Quantitative risk analysis for road tunnels complying with EU regulations' Journal of Risk Research, vol. 13, no. 8, 926787453, pp. 1027-1041. https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2010.494331

Quantitative risk analysis for road tunnels complying with EU regulations. / Kirytopoulos, Konstantinos A.; Rentizelas, Athanasios A.; Tatsiopoulos, Ilias P.; Papadopoulos, George.

In: Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 13, No. 8, 926787453, 2010, p. 1027-1041.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantitative risk analysis for road tunnels complying with EU regulations

AU - Kirytopoulos, Konstantinos A.

AU - Rentizelas, Athanasios A.

AU - Tatsiopoulos, Ilias P.

AU - Papadopoulos, George

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Tunnels have improved the connection of regions within the European Commission (EC) and have been used lately as a catalyst for economic development of previously isolated regions. However, the increasing number of these important infrastructures is raising upfront an endogenous problem, which is the severity of accidents that may occur. These risks have much greater impact when heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) or dangerous goods (DGs) are involved in the accident. As a result, the EC launched the EC Directive 2004/54/EC. In order to achieve a minimum acceptable level of safety, the EC Directive 2004/54/EC suggests, apart from the measures imposed based on tunnel characteristics, the implementation of a risk analysis in cases such as the opening of the road tunnel to DGs. The most widely accepted method for such quantitative risk analysis (QRA) is the OECD/PIARC QRA Model. This research exploits the QRA Model to perform a QRA for five illustrative cases in order to explore the sufficiency of the minimum tunnel safety measures imposed by the Directive when transportation of HGVs and DGs is allowed through the tunnel. The research concludes that, at least for tunnels with marginal values of the EC Directive classes for length and traffic, the risk exposure (F/N curves) lays over the acceptable safety limits of ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) models. Thus, the manager of the tunnel should take seriously into account the provision of the Directive for further risk analysis and consider more safety measures as well as take into account the risk associated with the alternative routes.

AB - Tunnels have improved the connection of regions within the European Commission (EC) and have been used lately as a catalyst for economic development of previously isolated regions. However, the increasing number of these important infrastructures is raising upfront an endogenous problem, which is the severity of accidents that may occur. These risks have much greater impact when heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) or dangerous goods (DGs) are involved in the accident. As a result, the EC launched the EC Directive 2004/54/EC. In order to achieve a minimum acceptable level of safety, the EC Directive 2004/54/EC suggests, apart from the measures imposed based on tunnel characteristics, the implementation of a risk analysis in cases such as the opening of the road tunnel to DGs. The most widely accepted method for such quantitative risk analysis (QRA) is the OECD/PIARC QRA Model. This research exploits the QRA Model to perform a QRA for five illustrative cases in order to explore the sufficiency of the minimum tunnel safety measures imposed by the Directive when transportation of HGVs and DGs is allowed through the tunnel. The research concludes that, at least for tunnels with marginal values of the EC Directive classes for length and traffic, the risk exposure (F/N curves) lays over the acceptable safety limits of ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) models. Thus, the manager of the tunnel should take seriously into account the provision of the Directive for further risk analysis and consider more safety measures as well as take into account the risk associated with the alternative routes.

KW - dangerous goods

KW - ALARP

KW - safety

KW - quantitative analysis

KW - risk analysis

KW - road tunnel

UR - http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rjrr20/current#.UrHPmyeuqno

U2 - 10.1080/13669877.2010.494331

DO - 10.1080/13669877.2010.494331

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 1027

EP - 1041

JO - Journal of Risk Research

T2 - Journal of Risk Research

JF - Journal of Risk Research

SN - 1366-9877

IS - 8

M1 - 926787453

ER -