Quality of life of patients with diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2 from a regerral health care center in Minas Gerais, Brazil

Adriana Rodrigues da Mata, Juliana Álvares, Leonardo Mauricio Diniz, Michael Ruberson Ribeiro da Silva, Bárbara Rodrigues Alvernaz dos Santos, Augusto Afonso Guerra Júnior, Mariangela Leal Cherchiglia, Eli Iola Gurgel Andrade, Brian Godman, Francisco de Assis Acurcio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Quality of life (QoL) characteristics are important in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM 1 and 2). Aim: Evaluate QoL and DM-associated factors among diabetic patients. Methods: Patients attending a University Hospital interviewed about sociodemographic, clinical and QoL characteristics, with QoL measured via the EQ-5D. Descriptive analysis, correlation, linear regression, univariate and multivariate analysis were performed. Results: 346 patients took part, comprising 67% women, 59% with DM2, and 32% DM1. DM 1 patients had a mean QoL of 0.7369, with retinopathy, depression, dyslipidemia and a serious hypoglycemic crisis significantly reducing QoL. Patients with DM type 2 had mean QoL 0.6582, with hypertension, neuropathy, depression, cancer and dyslipidemia significantly reducing QoL. Reduced QoL also correlated with a lack of physical exercise. Males with both DM1 and 2 had a better QoL. Conclusion: Need for better disease monitoring and control combined with effective activities to improve self-care, reduce complications and improve patients’ QoL.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-746
Number of pages7
JournalExpert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume9
Issue number5
Early online date3 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • diabetes mellitus, type 1
  • diabetes mellitus type 2
  • quality of life
  • patients
  • Brazil
  • QoL

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