Public policy support for the informal venture capital market in Europe a critical review

C.M. Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


The ability of small firms to access finance is hindered by persistent market failure, which creates funding gaps for new businesses, particularly in technology sectors, seeking small amounts of finance. This has prompted various forms of public sector intervention to increase the supply of both debt and risk finance. For the past decade (longer in the UK) both the EU and its member states have increasingly focused on the informal venture capital market as a means of increasing the supply of early stage venture capital. This article describes the changing nature of the forms of intervention and provides a critical review of their effectiveness. The lack of data on angel investing means that there is very little evidence on the impact of these forms of intervention. The article advocates that governments should invest in appropriate methodologies which can accurately measure investment trends in the early stage venture capital market, and specifically angel investment activity, so that the need for public sector intervention can be demonstrated and the impact of such interventions can be measured.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-556
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Small Business Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009


  • business angel networks
  • business angels
  • co-investment schemes
  • investment readiness


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