The present study investigated the reliability and factor structure of scores on a 12-item version of Phinney's multigroup ethnic identity measure with an Australian sample from diverse cultural backgrounds. Participants were 485 students aged between 10 and 15 years. The results generally supported the reliability of the ethnic identity scale scores and suggested a two-factor structure of ethnic identity consisting of Affirmation/Belonging, and Exploration. Results concerning the other group orientation scale were mixed. Scores for this scale showed lower internal reliability and its inclusion in confirmatory factor analysis models with the ethnic identity scale showed only mediocre fit. Recommendations for future research include further investigations of the factor structure within ethnic identity as derived from social identity and developmental perspectives.
- ethnic identity