Proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration: a path to the future of high-energy particle physics

R Assmann, R Bingham, T Bohl, C Bracco, B Buttenschön, A Butterworth, A Caldwell, S Chattopadhyay, S Cipiccia, E Feldbaumer, R A Fonseca, B Goddard, M Gross, O Grulke, E Gschwendtner, J Holloway, C Huang, D Jaroszynski, S Jolly, P KempkesN Lopes, K Lotov, J Machacek, S R Mandry, M Meddahi, B L Militsyn, N Moschuering, P Muggli, Z Najmudin, T C Q Noakes, P A Norreys, E Öz, A Pardons, A Petrenko, A Pukhov, K Rieger, O Reimann, H Ruhl, E Shaposhnikova, L O Silva, A Sosedkin, R Tarkeshian, R M G N Trines, T Tückmantel, J Vieira, H Vincke, M Wing, G Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


New acceleration technology is mandatory for the future elucidation of fundamental particles and their interactions. A promising approach is to exploit the properties of plasmas. Past research has focused on creating large-amplitude plasma waves by injecting an intense laser pulse or an electron bunch into the plasma. However, the maximum energy gain of electrons accelerated in a single plasma stage is limited by the energy of the driver. Proton bunches are the most promising drivers of wakefields to accelerate electrons to the TeV energy scale in a single stage. An experimental program at CERN—the AWAKE experiment—has been launched to study in detail the important physical processes and to demonstrate the power of proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration. Here we review the physical principles and some experimental considerations for a future proton-driven plasma wakefield accelerator.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number8
Early online date22 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • plasma wakefield acceleration
  • accelerated protons
  • plasma

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