Proteolysis of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase-II attenuates its ability to be inhibited by compounds which exert positive inotropic actions in cardiac tissue

B Price, N J Pyne, M D Houslay

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Abstract

Extraction of frozen canine cardiac muscle rendered soluble over 90% of the cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity. The residual activity was membrane-bound. Ion exchange chromatography of the soluble activity on DE-52 allowed for the resolution of three distinct cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase fractions termed PDE-I, PDE-II and PDE-III in order of elution from the column by a linear NaCl gradient. The relative ratio of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity exhibited by these three peaks was 1:0.65:0.82 and of cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activity was 1:0.52:0.05 for PDE-I, PDE-II and PDE-III respectively. PDE-II and PDE-III were further purified by re-chromatography on DE-52. Fractions PDE-II and PDE-III were thermolabile at 50 degrees, decaying as single exponentials with half lives of 180 sec and 77 sec respectively. All three species exhibited non-linear Lineweaver-Burke plots for the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP, exhibiting both high and low affinity components. Hydrolysis of cyclic GMP by all three components obeyed normal kinetics, yielding linear plots. PDE-I was a Ca2+/calmodulin-activated species which exhibited a low Km for both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP but hydrolysed cyclic GMP with a higher Vmax than for cyclic AMP. PDE-II exhibited a much lower Km for cyclic AMP than for cyclic GMP and a much higher Vmax for the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP. PDE-III exhibited a low Km for both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, however, its Vmax for cyclic AMP was about 40-fold higher than for cyclic GMP. Cyclic GMP acted as a potent inhibitor (IC50 = 6.3 microM) of cyclic AMP hydrolysis catalysed by PDE-III but not of the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP by PDE-II (IC50 = 33.2 microM). The phosphodiesterase inhibitors milrinone, CI-930, UK-35,493, carbazeran and buquineran acted as potent inhibitors of cyclic AMP hydrolysis catalysed by both PDE-II and PDE-III enzymes. They did not inhibit PDE-I activity. PDE-II, when prepared in the absence of protease inhibitors exhibited a reduced potency to inhibition by these compounds. Treatment of purified PDE-II with trypsin caused a reduction in enzyme activity and reduced dramatically the sensitivity of PDE-II activity to inhibition by these various compounds. The action of proteolysis in attenuating the inhibitory effect of these compounds on PDE-II was most dramatic with CI-930, milrinone, amrinone, buquineran and UK35,493 and least dramatic with carbazeran and IBMX.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4047-54
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume36
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987

Fingerprint

spleen exonuclease
Proteolysis
Cyclic AMP
Tissue
Cyclic GMP
Hydrolysis
Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
Milrinone
Chromatography
Inhibitory Concentration 50

Keywords

  • 3',5'-Cyclic-AMP Phosphodiesterases
  • 3',5'-Cyclic-GMP Phosphodiesterases
  • amrinone
  • animals
  • carbamates
  • cardiotonic Agents
  • cyclic AMP
  • cyclic GMP
  • dogs
  • kinetics
  • milrinone
  • myocardium
  • peptide hydrolases
  • pyridazines
  • pyridones
  • quinazolines
  • trypsin

Cite this

@article{967d32bccbf14b9f92bc1fd2bbc023b1,
title = "Proteolysis of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase-II attenuates its ability to be inhibited by compounds which exert positive inotropic actions in cardiac tissue",
abstract = "Extraction of frozen canine cardiac muscle rendered soluble over 90{\%} of the cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity. The residual activity was membrane-bound. Ion exchange chromatography of the soluble activity on DE-52 allowed for the resolution of three distinct cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase fractions termed PDE-I, PDE-II and PDE-III in order of elution from the column by a linear NaCl gradient. The relative ratio of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity exhibited by these three peaks was 1:0.65:0.82 and of cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activity was 1:0.52:0.05 for PDE-I, PDE-II and PDE-III respectively. PDE-II and PDE-III were further purified by re-chromatography on DE-52. Fractions PDE-II and PDE-III were thermolabile at 50 degrees, decaying as single exponentials with half lives of 180 sec and 77 sec respectively. All three species exhibited non-linear Lineweaver-Burke plots for the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP, exhibiting both high and low affinity components. Hydrolysis of cyclic GMP by all three components obeyed normal kinetics, yielding linear plots. PDE-I was a Ca2+/calmodulin-activated species which exhibited a low Km for both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP but hydrolysed cyclic GMP with a higher Vmax than for cyclic AMP. PDE-II exhibited a much lower Km for cyclic AMP than for cyclic GMP and a much higher Vmax for the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP. PDE-III exhibited a low Km for both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, however, its Vmax for cyclic AMP was about 40-fold higher than for cyclic GMP. Cyclic GMP acted as a potent inhibitor (IC50 = 6.3 microM) of cyclic AMP hydrolysis catalysed by PDE-III but not of the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP by PDE-II (IC50 = 33.2 microM). The phosphodiesterase inhibitors milrinone, CI-930, UK-35,493, carbazeran and buquineran acted as potent inhibitors of cyclic AMP hydrolysis catalysed by both PDE-II and PDE-III enzymes. They did not inhibit PDE-I activity. PDE-II, when prepared in the absence of protease inhibitors exhibited a reduced potency to inhibition by these compounds. Treatment of purified PDE-II with trypsin caused a reduction in enzyme activity and reduced dramatically the sensitivity of PDE-II activity to inhibition by these various compounds. The action of proteolysis in attenuating the inhibitory effect of these compounds on PDE-II was most dramatic with CI-930, milrinone, amrinone, buquineran and UK35,493 and least dramatic with carbazeran and IBMX.",
keywords = "3',5'-Cyclic-AMP Phosphodiesterases, 3',5'-Cyclic-GMP Phosphodiesterases, amrinone, animals, carbamates, cardiotonic Agents, cyclic AMP, cyclic GMP, dogs, kinetics, milrinone, myocardium , peptide hydrolases, pyridazines, pyridones, quinazolines, trypsin",
author = "B Price and Pyne, {N J} and Houslay, {M D}",
year = "1987",
doi = "10.1016/0006-2952(87)90560-0",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "4047--54",
journal = "Biochemical Pharmacology",
issn = "0006-2952",
number = "23",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Proteolysis of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase-II attenuates its ability to be inhibited by compounds which exert positive inotropic actions in cardiac tissue

AU - Price, B

AU - Pyne, N J

AU - Houslay, M D

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - Extraction of frozen canine cardiac muscle rendered soluble over 90% of the cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity. The residual activity was membrane-bound. Ion exchange chromatography of the soluble activity on DE-52 allowed for the resolution of three distinct cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase fractions termed PDE-I, PDE-II and PDE-III in order of elution from the column by a linear NaCl gradient. The relative ratio of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity exhibited by these three peaks was 1:0.65:0.82 and of cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activity was 1:0.52:0.05 for PDE-I, PDE-II and PDE-III respectively. PDE-II and PDE-III were further purified by re-chromatography on DE-52. Fractions PDE-II and PDE-III were thermolabile at 50 degrees, decaying as single exponentials with half lives of 180 sec and 77 sec respectively. All three species exhibited non-linear Lineweaver-Burke plots for the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP, exhibiting both high and low affinity components. Hydrolysis of cyclic GMP by all three components obeyed normal kinetics, yielding linear plots. PDE-I was a Ca2+/calmodulin-activated species which exhibited a low Km for both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP but hydrolysed cyclic GMP with a higher Vmax than for cyclic AMP. PDE-II exhibited a much lower Km for cyclic AMP than for cyclic GMP and a much higher Vmax for the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP. PDE-III exhibited a low Km for both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, however, its Vmax for cyclic AMP was about 40-fold higher than for cyclic GMP. Cyclic GMP acted as a potent inhibitor (IC50 = 6.3 microM) of cyclic AMP hydrolysis catalysed by PDE-III but not of the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP by PDE-II (IC50 = 33.2 microM). The phosphodiesterase inhibitors milrinone, CI-930, UK-35,493, carbazeran and buquineran acted as potent inhibitors of cyclic AMP hydrolysis catalysed by both PDE-II and PDE-III enzymes. They did not inhibit PDE-I activity. PDE-II, when prepared in the absence of protease inhibitors exhibited a reduced potency to inhibition by these compounds. Treatment of purified PDE-II with trypsin caused a reduction in enzyme activity and reduced dramatically the sensitivity of PDE-II activity to inhibition by these various compounds. The action of proteolysis in attenuating the inhibitory effect of these compounds on PDE-II was most dramatic with CI-930, milrinone, amrinone, buquineran and UK35,493 and least dramatic with carbazeran and IBMX.

AB - Extraction of frozen canine cardiac muscle rendered soluble over 90% of the cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity. The residual activity was membrane-bound. Ion exchange chromatography of the soluble activity on DE-52 allowed for the resolution of three distinct cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase fractions termed PDE-I, PDE-II and PDE-III in order of elution from the column by a linear NaCl gradient. The relative ratio of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity exhibited by these three peaks was 1:0.65:0.82 and of cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activity was 1:0.52:0.05 for PDE-I, PDE-II and PDE-III respectively. PDE-II and PDE-III were further purified by re-chromatography on DE-52. Fractions PDE-II and PDE-III were thermolabile at 50 degrees, decaying as single exponentials with half lives of 180 sec and 77 sec respectively. All three species exhibited non-linear Lineweaver-Burke plots for the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP, exhibiting both high and low affinity components. Hydrolysis of cyclic GMP by all three components obeyed normal kinetics, yielding linear plots. PDE-I was a Ca2+/calmodulin-activated species which exhibited a low Km for both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP but hydrolysed cyclic GMP with a higher Vmax than for cyclic AMP. PDE-II exhibited a much lower Km for cyclic AMP than for cyclic GMP and a much higher Vmax for the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP. PDE-III exhibited a low Km for both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, however, its Vmax for cyclic AMP was about 40-fold higher than for cyclic GMP. Cyclic GMP acted as a potent inhibitor (IC50 = 6.3 microM) of cyclic AMP hydrolysis catalysed by PDE-III but not of the hydrolysis of cyclic AMP by PDE-II (IC50 = 33.2 microM). The phosphodiesterase inhibitors milrinone, CI-930, UK-35,493, carbazeran and buquineran acted as potent inhibitors of cyclic AMP hydrolysis catalysed by both PDE-II and PDE-III enzymes. They did not inhibit PDE-I activity. PDE-II, when prepared in the absence of protease inhibitors exhibited a reduced potency to inhibition by these compounds. Treatment of purified PDE-II with trypsin caused a reduction in enzyme activity and reduced dramatically the sensitivity of PDE-II activity to inhibition by these various compounds. The action of proteolysis in attenuating the inhibitory effect of these compounds on PDE-II was most dramatic with CI-930, milrinone, amrinone, buquineran and UK35,493 and least dramatic with carbazeran and IBMX.

KW - 3',5'-Cyclic-AMP Phosphodiesterases

KW - 3',5'-Cyclic-GMP Phosphodiesterases

KW - amrinone

KW - animals

KW - carbamates

KW - cardiotonic Agents

KW - cyclic AMP

KW - cyclic GMP

KW - dogs

KW - kinetics

KW - milrinone

KW - myocardium

KW - peptide hydrolases

KW - pyridazines

KW - pyridones

KW - quinazolines

KW - trypsin

U2 - 10.1016/0006-2952(87)90560-0

DO - 10.1016/0006-2952(87)90560-0

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 4047

EP - 4054

JO - Biochemical Pharmacology

JF - Biochemical Pharmacology

SN - 0006-2952

IS - 23

ER -