Prolonged survival after immunotherapy (irradiated cancer autografts) for mammary cancers, assessed by a measure of therapeutic deficiency

J.M. Anderson, F. Kelly, G. Gettinby, S.E. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sixteen women, twelve with stage 2 and four with stage 3 mammary cancers, were given autografts of irradiated cancer cells immediately after simple mastectomy and before postoperative radiotherapy, as a pilot trial with entry limited for ethical and operational reasons. Entry was based upon the presence of the poor prognostic features of tumor diameter exceeding 4 cm, fixation to skin or fascia or presence of axillary lymph nodal metastases. Actuarial survival curves for a period of six years show significant (p < 0.01) prolongation of survival of the small autografted group (63% at six years) compared to that (30% at six years) of 139 ungrafted stage 2 mammary cancer patients treated by mastectomy and postoperative radiotherapy. The concept of deficiency of a treatment based upon person-years lived is introduced and used to analyze the data. The observations and analyses support the theoretical concept that irradiated autografts of cancers may sensitise residual cancer to subsequent conventional radiotherapy and in the process can activate systemic immunological restraints. Cancer 40:30-35, 1977.
LanguageEnglish
Pages30-35
Number of pages5
JournalCancer
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1977

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Autografts
Immunotherapy
Breast Neoplasms
Radiotherapy
Survival
Neoplasms
Simple Mastectomy
Fascia
Mastectomy
Residual Neoplasm
Lymph
Therapeutics
Neoplasm Metastasis
Skin

Keywords

  • immunotherapy
  • irradiated cancer autografts
  • mammary cancers
  • therapeutic deficiency

Cite this

Anderson, J.M. ; Kelly, F. ; Gettinby, G. ; Wood, S.E. / Prolonged survival after immunotherapy (irradiated cancer autografts) for mammary cancers, assessed by a measure of therapeutic deficiency. In: Cancer. 1977 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 30-35.
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Prolonged survival after immunotherapy (irradiated cancer autografts) for mammary cancers, assessed by a measure of therapeutic deficiency. / Anderson, J.M.; Kelly, F.; Gettinby, G.; Wood, S.E.

In: Cancer, Vol. 40, No. 1, 1977, p. 30-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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