Prognostic modelling utilizing a high fidelity pressurized water reactor simulator

Mark J. McGhee, Victoria M. Catterson, Blair Brown

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Abstract

Within power generation, aging assets and an emphasis on more efficient operation of power systems and improved maintenance decision methods has led to a growing focus on asset prognostics. The main challenge facing the implementation of successful asset prognostics in power generation is the lack of available run-to-failure data. This paper proposes to overcome this issue by use of full-scope high-fidelity simulators to generate the run-to-failure data required. From this simulated failure data a similarity-based prognostic approach is developed for estimating the remaining useful life of a valve asset. Case study data is generated by initializing prebuilt industrial failure models within a 970 MW pressurized water reactor simulation. Such full-scope high-fidelity simulators are mainly operated for training purposes, allowing personnel to gain experience of standard operation as well as failures within a safe, simulated operating environment. This paper repurposes such a high-fidelity simulator to generate the type of data and affects that would be produced in the event of a fault. The fault scenario is then run multiple times to generate a library of failure events. This library of events was then split into training and test batches for building the prognostic model. Results are presented and conclusions drawn about the success of the technique and the use of high-fidelity simulators in this manner.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics: Systems
Early online date16 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

Pressurized water reactors
Simulators
Power generation
Aging of materials
Personnel

Keywords

  • data models
  • power generation
  • maintenance engineering
  • valves
  • training
  • safety
  • degradation
  • remaining useful life (RUL)
  • high-fidelity simulation
  • model-based prognostics

Cite this

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title = "Prognostic modelling utilizing a high fidelity pressurized water reactor simulator",
abstract = "Within power generation, aging assets and an emphasis on more efficient operation of power systems and improved maintenance decision methods has led to a growing focus on asset prognostics. The main challenge facing the implementation of successful asset prognostics in power generation is the lack of available run-to-failure data. This paper proposes to overcome this issue by use of full-scope high-fidelity simulators to generate the run-to-failure data required. From this simulated failure data a similarity-based prognostic approach is developed for estimating the remaining useful life of a valve asset. Case study data is generated by initializing prebuilt industrial failure models within a 970 MW pressurized water reactor simulation. Such full-scope high-fidelity simulators are mainly operated for training purposes, allowing personnel to gain experience of standard operation as well as failures within a safe, simulated operating environment. This paper repurposes such a high-fidelity simulator to generate the type of data and affects that would be produced in the event of a fault. The fault scenario is then run multiple times to generate a library of failure events. This library of events was then split into training and test batches for building the prognostic model. Results are presented and conclusions drawn about the success of the technique and the use of high-fidelity simulators in this manner.",
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